Archive for December, 2014



December 31st, 2014

Catastrophe Bonds New Cedents

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

New cedents continued to enter the catastrophe bond space in 2014. Seven new sponsors (American Strategic Insurance Group, Everest Re, Generali, Great American, Heritage, Sompo Japan Nipponkoa and Texas Windstorm Insurance Association) utilized the 144A catastrophe bond market for the first time in the first half of 2014. Additionally, several new sponsors entered the private catastrophe bond  market. They included, but were not limited to, the Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility (CCRIF) and Achmea.

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December 30th, 2014

Private Catastrophe Bonds

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

The growth in the utilization of private catastrophe bonds continues at similar rates. Private catastrophe bonds provide the same benefits as 144A catastrophe bonds, including fully collateralized, multi-year protection, but private bonds are more cost-effective and allow for more streamlined documentation given the typically smaller limit size of each transaction. The figure below shows the evolution of private catastrophe bonds based both on deal count and total aggregate limit placed. In an environment of growing demand for capital markets capacity, GC Securities*, a division of MMC Securities Corp., a US registered broker-dealer and member FINRA/NFA/SIPC, formulized its private catastrophe bond approach in June 2013 with development of the Tensai private catastrophe bond program in conjunction with Tokio Millenium Solutions’ Shima Re Ltd. facility.

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December 29th, 2014

Capital Markets Capacity: Growth Dominates in 2014: Part II

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

Capacity outstanding and size of the overall global property catastrophe limit continued to expand for all forms of capital markets capacity (144A catastrophe bonds, private catastrophe bonds, collateralized reinsurance and sidecars).

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December 26th, 2014

Week’s Top Stories: December 20 — 26, 2014

Posted at 8:00 AM ET

The Reinsurance Evolution Continues: Executive Summary: During the past twelve months, capital has continued to flow into the reinsurance markets in the form of both insurance-linked securities (ILS) and collateralized reinsurance transactions. This report examines the growth in the ILS market during the past year and some of the important evolutionary elements of catastrophe bond structure and risk transfer. We also explore how the use of capital markets-based capacity provides cost savings for public entities by helping them build surplus, reduce public debt and limit the risk that natural perils can pose to the state’s balance sheet. As collateralized markets continue to increase in importance as an alternative to both traditional reinsurance and ILS, Guy Carpenter has taken an active role in analyzing counterparty risk and developing specific structures and strategies to manage this risk. This report also provides an overview of the manner in which Guy Carpenter assists its clients in managing counterparty risk and limiting credit exposure.

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Understanding Emerging Risks: Imperative for the Future: The downside focus of risk measures highlights what could be a key problem with the debate around emerging risks - when people think about risk they only consider the downside. Cars, penicillin, fossil fuels, the internet - all of these were once emerging risks, and they have caused global destruction through car accidents, antibiotic resistance, climate change, and now, possibly through cyber risk. But they have also brought far better travel, longer and much healthier lives for almost everyone, affordable electricity for people in their own homes, and an explosion of information on a scale never seen before available freely at the click of a button.

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Cyber-attacks and Terrorism Revealed as Top Emerging Risks for 2015, According to Annual Guy Carpenter Survey: Cyber-attacks and terrorism are ranked among the top emerging risks concerning the (re)insurance industry in the year ahead, according to a survey released by Guy Carpenter. According to the findings, new products, expansion into new geographic markets and access to new distribution channels will be the primary drivers of profitable growth in 2015.

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Terror Developments: Some may question why terrorism risk has a place in a document dedicated to emerging risk. Terrorism as a form of violence to promote cause or promote change is one of the original human conflicts. The wind blows and the earth shakes much the same way now as it has for hundreds, thousands of years. However, terrorism as a risk and a peril has evolved over the years and is a current concern in all parts of the world. Given the growing population, regional conflicts producing a broad list of potential instigators, the expansive reach of social media for extremists spreading their messages and recruiting and the diversity of possible attack modes to cause human and economic loss, terrorism does qualify as an emerging risk. With this contemporaneity in mind, we will discuss terrorism as an example of an emerging risk that is being aggravated by changes in geo-political events and in the continued notable challenges in modeling its ever changing underlying complexities.

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Chart: Global Property Catastrophe ROL Index: The Guy Carpenter Global Property Catastrophe Rate on Line index is presented for 1990 through 2014.  The index fell by 11 percent at January 1, 2014.

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And, You May Have Missed…

The Insurance Risk Benchmarks Research: Insights for the Industry and the E&S Market: The Insurance Risk Benchmarks Research is an ongoing project sponsored by Guy Carpenter & Company and Oliver Wyman to assist property/casualty companies with profiling enterprise risk. Articulating an individual company’s risk profile requires assessment of both absolute and relative financial uncertainties. The absolute uncertainties can ultimately be codified in an economic capital model, but robust review of relative historical performance invariably improves the codification of certain systemic risks.

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Securities or investments, as applicable, are offered in the United States through GC Securities, a division of MMC Securities Corp., a US registered broker-dealer and member FINRA/NFA/SIPC. Main Office: 1166 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10036. Phone: (212) 345-5000. Securities or investments, as applicable, are offered in the European Union by GC Securities, a division of MMC Securities (Europe) Ltd. (MMCSEL), which is authorized and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority, main office 25 The North Colonnade, Canary Wharf, London E14 5HS. Reinsurance products are placed through qualified affiliates of Guy Carpenter & Company, LLC. MMC Securities Corp., MMC Securities (Europe) Ltd. and Guy Carpenter & Company, LLC are affiliates owned by Marsh & McLennan Companies. This communication is not intended as an offer to sell or a solicitation of any offer to buy any security, financial instrument, reinsurance or insurance product. **GC Analytics is a registered mark with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

 

December 25th, 2014

GC Capital Tip: Find It With The Tag Cloud

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

The “tag cloud” is the list of keywords on the side of every GC Capital Ideas page. Each keyword is a tag used on this website. Clicking a tag in the tag cloud is the same as clicking a tag at the end of an article: it brings you to a list of articles on a particular subject. In the tag cloud, you’ll see that some words are shown with a larger font. Font size indicates the number of articles on which a tag is used. A larger font means that we have covered the topic in more stories.

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December 24th, 2014

Capital Markets Capacity: Growth Dominates in 2014: Part I

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

The influx of new capital into the reinsurance industry constitutes the largest change to the sector’s capital structure in recent memory. Over the past 24 months, approximately USD20 billion of new capital has entered the market through investments in insurance linked securities (ILS), funds and sidecars as well as the formation of hedge fund-related reinsurance companies and collateralized reinsurance vehicles.

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December 23rd, 2014

The Reinsurance Evolution Continues: Executive Summary

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

During the past twelve months, capital has continued to flow into the reinsurance markets in the form of both insurance-linked securities (ILS) and collateralized reinsurance transactions. This report examines the growth in the ILS market during the past year and some of the important evolutionary elements of catastrophe bond structure and risk transfer. We also explore how the use of capital markets-based capacity provides cost savings for public entities by helping them build surplus, reduce public debt and limit the risk that natural perils can pose to the state’s balance sheet. As collateralized markets continue to increase in importance as an alternative to both traditional reinsurance and ILS, Guy Carpenter has taken an active role in analyzing counterparty risk and developing specific structures and strategies to manage this risk. This report also provides an overview of the manner in which Guy Carpenter assists its clients in managing counterparty risk and limiting credit exposure.

Continue reading…

December 22nd, 2014

Understanding Emerging Risks: Imperative for the Future

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

The downside focus of risk measures highlights what could be a key problem with the debate around emerging risks - when people think about risk they only consider the downside. Cars, penicillin, fossil fuels, the internet - all of these were once emerging risks, and they have caused global destruction through car accidents, antibiotic resistance, climate change, and now, possibly through cyber risk. But they have also brought far better travel, longer and much healthier lives for almost everyone, affordable electricity for people in their own homes, and an explosion of information on a scale never seen before available freely at the click of a button.

Continue reading…

December 19th, 2014

Week’s Top Stories: December 13 — 19, 2014

Posted at 8:00 AM ET

Reserving Risks: The previous sections suggested how “dark matter” can be lurking on an insurer’s balance sheets in the form of a casualty catastrophe or an emerging and not as yet fully understood risk such as cyber. While there have been significant advances in quantifying the uncertainty pertaining to these risks, it is worth considering how they may manifest themselves in the future and what can be done about them now to protect from the “dark matter” downside.

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Guy Carpenter Launches MetaRisk® ReserveTM 4.0: Guy Carpenter announced the launch of MetaRisk Reserve 4.0TM. The latest version of this powerful reserve risk modeling tool delivers improved statistical models and an enhanced user interface.

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Chart: Global Property Catastrophe ROL Index: The Guy Carpenter Global Property Catastrophe Rate on Line index is presented for 1990 through 2014.  The index fell by 11 percent at January 1, 2014.

Read the article>>

 

Cyber-attacks and Terrorism Revealed as Top Emerging Risks for 2015, According to Annual Guy Carpenter Survey: Cyber-attacks and terrorism are ranked among the top emerging risks concerning the (re)insurance industry in the year ahead, according to a survey released by Guy Carpenter. According to the findings, new products, expansion into new geographic markets and access to new distribution channels will be the primary drivers of profitable growth in 2015.

Read the article>>

 

Risk Profile, Appetite, and Tolerance: Fundamental Concepts in Risk Management and Reinsurance Effectiveness: Prior to the recent turbulence in the financial markets, insurers and reinsurers were increasing their use of enterprise risk management (ERM) to make risk and capital management decisions. While this was driven in part by rating agencies and regulators, many carriers began to recognize the value of metric-based frameworks and capital models in evaluating their portfolios.

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And, You May Have Missed…

Cyber Insurance Coverage: Limits: Average limits purchased by companies with revenues exceeding USD1 billion rose 10 percent in 2013 to USD28.2 million from USD25.7 million in 2012. For companies of this size, financial institutions purchased the highest average limits at USD53.2 million, which represented a 9 percent increase from 2012. These average limits do not reflect the limits purchased by companies that blend cyber with the limits they purchase for errors and omissions (E&O) or bond. Since December 2013, there has been a stronger desire to obtain much higher limits than those purchased earlier in 2013. That trend is expected to continue.

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December 18th, 2014

Cycle Mitigation: Part II

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

Incorporating reserve value added (RVA) into reinsurance decision making for long-tail lines is a step in the right direction. However, it is not the full story, as the decision is still typically made in the context of a single accident year and usually for a single line of business in isolation. The cycle correlations clearly show that this is sub-optimal. We are encouraging our clients a step further along the sophistication and hence simplicity/complexity spectrum.

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