Program managers may also manage the performance of their programs through the pursuit of risk sharing on behalf of their PA/MGA partners. As we saw in past surveys, not all respondents require risk sharing. This year, a significant number of respondents said they utilize a sliding scale commission structure (92 percent versus 76 percent for the prior survey year). The percent of respondents utilizing some type of captive structure fell this year to 8 percent from 24 percent in the prior year. Alternately, 19 percent of the respondents will still pay flat commissions, a sizeable drop from 36 percent in 2012.