Reserving and Capital Setting: Background and Challenges: Loss reserves are arguably one of the most difficult risks to estimate and monitor. In fact, inadequate pricing and deficient loss reserves have been the leading cause of property/casualty company impairments. According to A.M. Best, from 1969 to 2009 they triggered approximately 40 percent of all impairments - four times more than those emanating from natural catastrophes. There are many uncertainties in managing long-tailed, heavily legislated lines of business that can be triggered from emerging risks.
Rates That Reflect Risk: Insurance marketplaces that are stable and viable in the long-term succeed when insurers offer policies and coverages at premium rates that are appropriate and are subject to the requirements and standards of not being excessive, inadequate or unfairly discriminatory. At the same time, premium rates should be balanced and take past and prospective loss and expense experience into consideration. When these factors are not successfully accomplished, a public sector solution often emerges.
Chart: Pre-disaster Mitigation Allocations And Hazard Mitigation Grant Program Awards: Chart shows the amount of pre-disaster mitigation dollars allocated by the Federal Emergency Management Agency compared to hazard mitigation grants post Hurricane Sandy for the fiscal period 2011 to 2014.
Chart: Regional Property Catastrophe ROL Index, 1990 to 2016: The chart shows the indexes for United States, United Kingdom, Asia Pacific and Europe.
Risk Profile, Appetite, and Tolerance: Fundamental Concepts in Risk Management and Reinsurance Effectiveness: Prior to the recent turbulence in the financial markets, insurers and reinsurers were increasing their use of enterprise risk management (ERM) to make risk and capital management decisions. While this was driven in part by rating agencies and regulators, many carriers began to recognize the value of metric-based frameworks and capital models in evaluating their portfolios.
And, You May Have Missed…
Regulation; A World View: Conclusion: The costs associated with compliance and disclosure will continue to rise as insurance regulators and rating agencies increase their scrutiny of the industry. (Re)insurers that operate on a global scale, for example, may wrestle with the complexity of multiple capital requirements and the return targets of investors. Smaller companies, often with fewer resources, may be forced to allocate a higher percentage of senior management’s time to compliance. It will become increasingly more important for (re)insurers to avoid unnecessary and redundant activity when seeking regulatory approval.