The use of capital markets-based risk transfer capacity by public entities, insurers of last resort, and compulsory catastrophe pools and disaster facilities continues to expand. These deals included Turkey’s Turkish Catastrophe Insurance Pool, Mexico’s FONDEN and New Zealand’s EQC. Most large U.S. insurers of last resort, such as CEA, Citizens (FL), Citizens (LA), North Carolina Joint Underwriting Association and the North Carolina Insurance Underwriting Association (NCJUA/NCIUA), and Texas Windstorm Insurance Association, are utilizing capital markets capacity including collateralized reinsurance and catastrophe bonds.
Archive for the ‘Capital Markets’ Category
From one of GC Capital Ideas’ more popular categories, we highlight the top ten Chart Room stories viewed during the year of 2014:
1. Chart: Global Property Catastrophe ROL Index: The Guy Carpenter Global Property Catastrophe Rate on Line index is presented for 1990 through 2014. The index fell by 11 percent at January 1, 2014.
2. Chart: Rate Movements by Business Segment: Reports rate movements at January 1, 2014.
3. Chart: Regional Property Catastrophe ROL Index: The chart shows the indexes for United States, United Kingdom, Asia Pacific and Europe.
4. Chart: Evolution of Dedicated Reinsurance Capital, 2012 - YE 2013: The evolution of dedicated sector capital is presented in the chart. Guy Carpenter estimates this rose marginally in 2013 to USD322 billion at year-end as underwriting profits from low catastrophe claims and convergence capital inflows offset unrealized losses, sustained share buybacks and dividend payments.
5. Chart: Catastrophe Bond Issuance and Capital Outstanding: Issuance reached a record high of USD7.1 billion, surpassing 2007’s total. Risk capital outstanding also reached an all-time high of USD18.6 billion last year.
6. Chart: 2013 Catastrophe Bond Transactions: This table lists the 144A property/casualty catastrophe bond transactions that were completed in 2013.
7. Chart: Top Ten Catastrophe Bond Transactions: The chart ranks deals in 2013, as compiled by GC Securities*, a division of MMC Securities Corporation.
8. Chart: Pension Fund Capital Under Management and Allocations into Reinsurance: As the chart illustrates , pension funds alone are worth around USD30 trillion. Based on Guy Carpenter’s analysis of possible capital allocation percentages to the (re)insurance space in consultation with sector experts, a maximum of USD900 billion of this amount could potentially be available for insurance-linked investments. This figure is, of course, much greater than currently needed, demonstrating the existing convergence-driven supply excess. Given Guy Carpenter estimates global property catastrophe limit is currently in excess of USD300 billion, and the ILS market only accounts for around 15 percent of this amount, pension funds have so far made very small investments in reinsurance relative to their overall size.
9. Chart: U.S. Property Catastrophe Reinsurance Quoting Behavior: In this chart, the January 1, 2014 average quote across all programs is represented by the line at 0 percent, while the red dots indicate reinsurers’ distances from the mean across all the programs that they quoted. The size of the line represents the variability from the average for all quotes provided by the reinsurer. Each reinsurer is represented across the bottom of the chart by its A.M. Best rating. Quotes representing non-concurrent terms were excluded.
10. Chart: European Property Catastrophe - Typical ROL Changes: The chart compares changes at January 2014 with January 2013.
*Securities or investments, as applicable, are offered in the United States through GC Securities, a division of MMC Securities Corp., a US registered broker-dealer and member FINRA/NFA/SIPC. Main Office: 1166 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10036. Phone: (212) 345-5000. Securities or investments, as applicable, are offered in the European Union by GC Securities, a division of MMC Securities (Europe) Ltd. (MMCSEL), which is authorized and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority, main office 25 The North Colonnade, Canary Wharf, London E14 5HS. Reinsurance products are placed through qualified affiliates of Guy Carpenter & Company, LLC. MMC Securities Corp., MMC Securities (Europe) Ltd. and Guy Carpenter & Company, LLC are affiliates owned by Marsh & McLennan Companies. This communication is not intended as an offer to sell or a solicitation of any offer to buy any security, financial instrument, reinsurance or insurance product. **GC Analytics is a registered mark with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
The evolution of dedicated sector capital is presented below. Guy Carpenter estimates dedicated sector capital remained at near record levels having risen to approximately USD400 billion at year-end 2014 from traditional rated markets and all sources of alternative capital including sidecars, collateralized reinsurance vehicles and catastrophe bonds.
GC Securities* Completes First Ever Swiss Franc-Denominated Private Catastrophe Bond (“Gurten”) Benefitting Gebäudeversicherung Bern
GC Securities, a division of MMC Securities Corp., a U.S. registered broker-dealer and member FINRA/NFA/SIPC, today announced the Regulation S placement of Principal At-Risk Variable Rate Notes (”Notes”) due January 15, 2016, with notional principal at CHF70,000,000 through Kaith Re Ltd., to benefit Gebäudeversicherung Bern (”GVB”). This is the first ever Swiss franc-denominated catastrophe bond and the first time that GVB has utilized the cat bond market to manage its risks.
New cedents continued to enter the catastrophe bond space in 2014. Seven new sponsors (American Strategic Insurance Group, Everest Re, Generali, Great American, Heritage, Sompo Japan Nipponkoa and Texas Windstorm Insurance Association) utilized the 144A catastrophe bond market for the first time in the first half of 2014. Additionally, several new sponsors entered the private catastrophe bond market. They included, but were not limited to, the Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility (CCRIF) and Achmea.
The growth in the utilization of private catastrophe bonds continues at similar rates. Private catastrophe bonds provide the same benefits as 144A catastrophe bonds, including fully collateralized, multi-year protection, but private bonds are more cost-effective and allow for more streamlined documentation given the typically smaller limit size of each transaction. The figure below shows the evolution of private catastrophe bonds based both on deal count and total aggregate limit placed. In an environment of growing demand for capital markets capacity, GC Securities*, a division of MMC Securities Corp., a US registered broker-dealer and member FINRA/NFA/SIPC, formulized its private catastrophe bond approach in June 2013 with development of the Tensai private catastrophe bond program in conjunction with Tokio Millenium Solutions’ Shima Re Ltd. facility.
The influx of new capital into the reinsurance industry constitutes the largest change to the sector’s capital structure in recent memory. Over the past 24 months, approximately USD20 billion of new capital has entered the market through investments in insurance linked securities (ILS), funds and sidecars as well as the formation of hedge fund-related reinsurance companies and collateralized reinsurance vehicles.
During the past twelve months, capital has continued to flow into the reinsurance markets in the form of both insurance-linked securities (ILS) and collateralized reinsurance transactions. This report examines the growth in the ILS market during the past year and some of the important evolutionary elements of catastrophe bond structure and risk transfer. We also explore how the use of capital markets-based capacity provides cost savings for public entities by helping them build surplus, reduce public debt and limit the risk that natural perils can pose to the state’s balance sheet. As collateralized markets continue to increase in importance as an alternative to both traditional reinsurance and ILS, Guy Carpenter has taken an active role in analyzing counterparty risk and developing specific structures and strategies to manage this risk. This report also provides an overview of the manner in which Guy Carpenter assists its clients in managing counterparty risk and limiting credit exposure.