Archive for the ‘Casualty’ Category



December 1st, 2016

GC Capital Ideas Top Stories: November, 2016

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

1. Technology Innovation Identified as Top Growth Opportunity for (Re)insurance Industry in 2017, According to Guy Carpenter Annual Market Pulse Survey: Technology innovation will provide the biggest growth opportunities for (re)insurers in the year ahead, according to a survey released by Guy Carpenter & Company. Now in its fifth year, the annual survey polled executives from insurance and reinsurance companies during the 2016 Property Casualty Insurers Association of America (PCIAA) Annual Meeting held in Dallas, Texas. The goal of this year’s survey was to identify the top opportunities and threats to profitable growth in the year ahead, as well as examine the most significant disruptive forces impacting the industry.

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2. Asia Pacific Catastrophe Report 2016: Executive Summary: In the Asia Pacific region, purchases in original currency terms of total catastrophe treaty reinsurance limit grew year on year. Increased purchase in Japan largely drove the growth, with lesser growth experienced in India and China. Changes in pro rata arrangements at some Australian cedents reduced the overall catastrophe excess of loss requirements from Australia; these movements were not large enough to push the overall region-wide purchase backwards.

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3. 7.8 Mw Earthquake in New Zealand: A magnitude (Mw) 7.8 earthquake struck central New Zealand on November 13, according to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The quake occurred at 11:02 PM local time (11:02 UTC) about 93 kilometers (57 miles) north-northeast of Christchurch and about 215 kilometers (133 miles) southwest of Wellington.

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4. Managing Catastrophe Model Uncertainty, Issues and Challenges: Here we repeat our series authored by John Major, which focuses on the issues and challenges in managing catastrophe model uncertainty.

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5. China Risk Oriented Solvency System (C-ROSS): The China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) is instituting sweeping changes through its three-tiered China Risk Oriented Solvency System (C-ROSS) framework that will dramatically impact how (re)insurers conduct business. It will strengthen capital requirements, risk management and transparency disclosures - bringing China in line with, and in some cases overtaking, global standards. The C-ROSS framework is similar to Solvency II: three tiers focusing on quantitative, qualitative and disclosure requirements.

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6. Chart: Regional Property Catastrophe ROL Index, 1990 to 2016: The chart shows the indexes for United States, United Kingdom, Asia Pacific and Europe.

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7. Risk Profile, Appetite, and Tolerance: Fundamental Concepts in Risk Management and Reinsurance Effectiveness: Prior to the recent turbulence in the financial markets, insurers and reinsurers were increasing their use of enterprise risk management (ERM) to make risk and capital management decisions. While this was driven in part by rating agencies and regulators, many carriers began to recognize the value of metric-based frameworks and capital models in evaluating their portfolios.

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8. Analytics: Fueling Risk-Informed Decisions: Today’s rapidly changing global environment presents insurers with many challenges and opportunities as capital management and risk transfer techniques evolve at an unprecedented pace. Stakeholders, regulators and ratings agencies are deepening their focus on risk management practices, and revolutionary developments in technology, including the Internet of Things and hyper-connectivity, are driving companies to adapt to the challenges that senior management faces to support risk management decisions material to their business.

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9. Newest Versions of Patented Capital Modeling Tools Enhance Automation and Integration, Estimate Inflationary Risk, and Improve Run-Time: Guy Carpenter Introduces MetaRisk® ReserveTM 5 and MetaRisk® 9: Guy Carpenter announced the launch of MetaRisk® ReserveTM 5 and MetaRisk® 9, the latest updates to its powerful suite of capital modeling tools built on more than 25 years of research and development.

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10. Reserving and Capital Setting: The Crystalization of Emerging Risks: As discussed in the Executive Summary of this report, the term “crystalization of risk” refers to the timescale over which we realize that the risk is manifesting itself and how this view changes until ultimate understanding of quantum is reached and all liabilities are discharged. The “Reserving Risks” section in last year’s report, Ahead of the Curve: Understanding Emerging Risks looked at how information emerges in the presence of reserving cycles. The profit or loss in any particular financial year is made up of not only the profit or loss from the same accident year but also any recognized changes in the reserves on prior years.

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November 30th, 2016

Chart: What is the Biggest Threat to (Re)insurers’ Plans for Growth?

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

Chart highlights the result of a survey taken of 107 insurance and reinsurance professionals conducted by Guy Carpenter at the 2016 annual meeting of the Property Casualty Insurers Association of America when asked what they see as the biggest threat to their plans for growth.

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November 29th, 2016

Chart: Which Capital Sources Will (Re)insurers Utilize in 2017?

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

Chart highlights the result of a survey taken of 107 insurance and reinsurance professionals conducted by Guy Carpenter at the 2016 annual meeting of the Property Casualty Insurers Association of America when asked which capital sources they will utilize more of in 2017.

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November 28th, 2016

MMC Cyber Risk Handbook 2016: Increasing Resilience in the Digital Economy

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

The Cyber Risk Handbook 2016 presents views from Marsh & McLennan’s cyber leaders and leading third-party experts with whom we collaborate on how companies can assess cyber risks, develop comprehensive strategies and align their people to bolster cyber risk management.

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November 23rd, 2016

Measuring Cyber Aggregation Risk

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

Julia Chu, Managing Director, Guy Carpenter and Ashwin Kashyap, Director of Product Management, Symantec Corporation

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Cyber risk is now an embedded feature of the global risk landscape, and preventative risk management and post-event remediation are gaining importance as shareholders, customers, supply chain partners, and regulators are increasingly focused on how companies are managing for cyber risks. Insurance is becoming an important piece of the strategy for helping businesses address these risks.

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November 22nd, 2016

Reserving and Capital Setting: Conclusion

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

The obvious response to the issues emerging risks provide is to make sure reserves and capital position are more than robust enough for any eventuality - however remote - and then release them when the risks fail to materialize. But, there are many arguments against this as a practical strategy:

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November 21st, 2016

Reserving and Capital Setting: The Crystalization of Emerging Risks, Part II

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

The chart below attempts to illustrate the solvency calculation issue. Suppose the best estimate is 20 and the assessment from modeling is that the 1-in-200-year ultimate loss is 100. If all else stays the same and with the simplifying assumption that the yield curve stays flat, one can say that the sum of the 1-year solvency capital requirements (SCRs) approximated the difference between 100 and 20 (i.e. 80). Yet, because of the discounting, when in time the change in own funds is recognized, is important. The black line represents a linear recognition pattern so the 1-year SCRs are all equal with increments of 10. The blue line represents a Binary Fast recognition so the first year SCR is 80 and the remaining years’ SCR are zero. This means that the deterioration is recognized quickly. The red line again shows binary recognition but with a slow pattern as the movement is only occurring toward the end of the liabilities’ life. The two curves in light blue and light red represent less severe versions of the binary forms.

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November 17th, 2016

Reserving and Capital Setting: The Crystalization of Emerging Risks, Part I

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

As discussed in the Executive Summary of this report, the term “crystalization of risk” refers to the timescale over which we realize that the risk is manifesting itself and how this view changes until ultimate understanding of quantum is reached and all liabilities are discharged. The “Reserving Risks” section in last year’s report, Ahead of the Curve: Understanding Emerging Risks looked at how information emerges in the presence of reserving cycles. The profit or loss in any particular financial year is made up of not only the profit or loss from the same accident year but also any recognized changes in the reserves on prior years.

Continue reading…

November 7th, 2016

Technology Innovation Identified as Top Growth Opportunity for (Re)insurance Industry in 2017, According to Guy Carpenter Annual Market Pulse Survey

Posted at 6:15 AM ET

Technology innovation will provide the biggest growth opportunities for (re)insurers in the year ahead, according to a survey released today by Guy Carpenter & Company. Now in its fifth year, the annual survey polled executives from insurance and reinsurance companies during the 2016 Property Casualty Insurers Association of America (PCIAA) Annual Meeting held in Dallas, Texas. The goal of this year’s survey was to identify the top opportunities and threats to profitable growth in the year ahead, as well as examine the most significant disruptive forces impacting the industry.

Continue reading…

November 1st, 2016

GC Capital Ideas Top Stories: October, 2016

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

1. Hurricane Matthew: Hurricane Matthew became a rare Category 5 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson scale, with maximum sustained winds of 160 mph. The hurricane followed the western edge of a subtropical ridge to inflict catastrophic damage to Haiti as a Category 4 hurricane before crossing eastern Cuba, and turning to the northwest through the Bahamas towards Florida.

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2. Chart: Combined Ratio For Guy Carpenter Reinsurance Composite, First Half, 2016: Chart presents combined ratio for the Guy Carpenter Global Reinsurance Composite, 2005 through first half, 2016.

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3. Risk Profile, Appetite, and Tolerance: Fundamental Concepts in Risk Management and Reinsurance Effectiveness: Prior to the recent turbulence in the financial markets, insurers and reinsurers were increasing their use of enterprise risk management (ERM) to make risk and capital management decisions. While this was driven in part by rating agencies and regulators, many carriers began to recognize the value of metric-based frameworks and capital models in evaluating their portfolios.

Read the article>>


4. Chart: Regional Property Catastrophe ROL Index, 1990 to 2016: The chart shows the indexes for United States, United Kingdom, Asia Pacific and Europe.

Read the article>>


5. Reserving and Capital Setting: Background and Challenges: Loss reserves are arguably one of the most difficult risks to estimate and monitor. In fact, inadequate pricing and deficient loss reserves have been the leading cause of property/casualty company impairments. According to A.M. Best, from 1969 to 2009 they triggered approximately 40 percent of all impairments - four times more than those emanating from natural catastrophes. There are many uncertainties in managing long-tailed, heavily legislated lines of business that can be triggered from emerging risks. Unforeseen inflation and anticipated legislative changes over a 10 to 30 year period present many demands. In order to prepare for emerging risk scenarios, future trends and related uncertainties need to be explicitly identified, contemplated and estimated.

Read the article>>


6. China Risk Oriented Solvency System (C-ROSS): The China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) is instituting sweeping changes through its three-tiered China Risk Oriented Solvency System (C-ROSS) framework that will dramatically impact how (re)insurers conduct business. It will strengthen capital requirements, risk management and transparency disclosures - bringing China in line with, and in some cases overtaking, global standards. The C-ROSS framework is similar to Solvency II: three tiers focusing on quantitative, qualitative and disclosure requirements.

Read the article>>


7. A.M. Best’s More Transparent Ratings Criteria Provide Benefits to Insurers That Proactively “Own Their Ratings”: Maintaining or improving ratings is a priority for most insurers. This can be challenging amid increasing demands for companies to “own their risk” (Own Risk and Solvency Assessment “ORSA”) in an environment of evolving rating agency requirements, including A.M. Best’s proposed ratings methodology and Stochastic-based Best’s Capital Adequacy Ratio (BCAR) criteria.

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8. Chart: Return On Premiums For Guy Carpenter Reinsurance Composite, First Half, 2016: Chart presents return on premiums for the Guy Carpenter Global Reinsurance Composite, 2005 through first half, 2016.

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9. Disruptive Forces Redefining the Role of Insurance: Fundamental disruptive forces are driving monumental changes in the global economy at an unprecedented rate. These forces compel the (re)insurance industry to adjust to the new reality and capitalize on the opportunities created.

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10. The Insurance Of Things & Industry 4.0 - A Matrix View: Technological progress and the accumulation of assets have not only stimulated the development of insurance products; they have in turn been nurtured by the availability of these offerings.

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