Archive for the ‘Property’ Category



April 10th, 2014

GC Capital Ideas Reviews Climate Change After New IPCC Report

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

In light of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) latest report, Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability, released on Monday, March 31, here is a review of recent GC Capital Ideas stories focused on climate change.

Responding to Climate Change:  It is vital for (re)insurers to consider how climate change could impact future losses. Global warming potentially poses a serious financial threat to the insurance industry with implications for catastrophe risk perception, pricing and modeling assumptions.

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Climate Change: A Look into the Future: Global climate models project a best estimate of a further two to four degree (Celsius) increase in the mean temperature of the Earth by the end of this century. Although this may seem insignificant on an intuitive level, the resulting impacts are of significant concern. Sea-level rise is the most significant threat for coastal areas as a result of melting glaciers. Apart from this threat, changing weather patterns will result in drought and inland flood threats for some areas. As a general principle of climate change, changes to the mean of meteorological extreme value distributions can be expected but an increase in tail thickness (or variability) is of greater concern. The day-to-day variability that we see today will likely expand.

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The Reality of Global Warming: The increase in the global mean air temperature, as compared to the 1951-1980 average and the surge in average oceanic heat content for the 0-700 meter layer is depicted in these graphics. The increase in oceanic heat content in particular is notable as it takes a very large amount of energy to heat such a volume of water.

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Global Warming: Adaptation Measures: The IPCC publications represent scientific consensus among many of the world’s top scientists (and scientific consensus is difficult to achieve). Their findings are generally consistent with the broader scientific literature.

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Global Warming: Losses: Economic losses resulting from natural disasters increased from USD75.5 Billion in the 1960s to USD659.9 Billion in the 1990s. Insured losses have also increased, and “the dominant signal is of significant increase in the values of exposure.” Furthermore, the IPCC states that “failure to adjust for time-variant economic factors yields loss amounts that are not directly comparable and a pronounced upward trend for purely economic reasons.”

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Global Warming: The Evolving Risk Landscape: Global warming is an established scientific fact, and one that cannot be explained by statistical “noise” or natural variability alone. The single greatest threat under global warming is that of sea-level rise, which is expected to increase coastal flood frequency and severity under tropical cyclone, extratropical cyclone and tsunami events. The growing urban footprint and population density in coastal areas amplifies the financial and societal implications of such events.

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April 9th, 2014

April Renewals Bring Price Reductions & Focus on Tailored Coverage

Posted at 11:30 PM ET

Guy Carpenter  reports that the April 1, 2014 renewal was marked by price reductions and more tailored reinsurance coverage. Strong balance sheets, an abundance of capacity and a consolidation of buying led to lower reinsurance pricing across most territories and business segments at the renewal.

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April 9th, 2014

Chart: Chile Holds Spot on Most Expensive Earthquakes for Insurers

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

In light of last week’s 8.2 magnitude earthquake in Chile we highlight a spring 2013 GC Capital Ideas table ranking the most expensive earthquakes for insurers. A seismic event in 2010 put the South American nation on that list.

As reported in GC Analytics’ CAT-i report, a full assessment of the scope and severity of the impacts of the recent quake has yet to emerge, but initial reports do not indicate damage of exceptional severity to resilient structures. At least six fatalities have been reported. It also created a tsunami wave of 6.9 feet, which produced tsunami warnings as far away as Hawaii, Japan and Indonesia.

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April 2nd, 2014

8.2Mw Earthquake Near Chile Coast

Posted at 2:56 PM ET

chile-eq-2014smallAn 8.2-magnitude earthquake was reported by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) about 40 miles off the northern coast of Chile yesterday evening. More than 60 aftershocks were reported following the initial event, one of which was measured of magnitude 6.2. Shaking was felt as far away as La Paz Bolivia, over 290 miles (470 km) away.

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March 27th, 2014

Recent Sun Flare Event Is a Reminder of Solar Weather Hazards

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

On Monday, February 24, 2014, the sun once again provided a reminder of the potential hazards of solar weather events. A large solar flare was reported by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) measuring at X4.9 (1) (or according to the National Weather Service’s Space Prediction Center, an R3 (strong) Solar Flare Radio Blackout) (2) that could cause severe disruption to satellites and technology on Earth.

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March 19th, 2014

Increasing External Demands Compel Companies to Improve Risk Management Disclosures

Posted at 11:30 PM ET

Guy Carpenter released its latest Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) Benchmark Review that provides an in-depth analysis of risk management practices and policies of 67 insurance and reinsurance companies located in Europe, United States, Bermuda, and Asia-Pacific. Based on publicly-available data from financial and risk reports, Guy Carpenter’s ERM Benchmark Review reveals that most (re)insurers are managing capital with metric-based frameworks and are publishing more about their risk management targets than seen in Guy Carpenter’s 2009 analysis. Capital market, legislative, and regulatory influences, such as the approaching implementation of Solvency II, are expected to further compel company managements to better recognize and analyze the risks of their enterprises.

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March 10th, 2014

Catastrophe Bond Update, Fourth Quarter 2013

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

Influence from direct capital markets’ participation in reinsurance programs, coupled with catastrophic insured losses well below historical averages in 2013, put significant pressure on global catastrophic reinsurance pricing. As a result of significantly reduced pricing (relative to recent years), approximately USD7.1 billion worth of new property/casualty (P&C) catastrophe bonds were issued in 2013 - the second largest record year for P&C issuance. The year included seven new sponsors - American Coastal, American Modern, AXIS Capital, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), QBE, Renaissance Re and the Turkish Catastrophe Insurance Pool - who collectively secured USD1.46 billion of catastrophe bond capacity. In addition to new sponsors, another prevalent change in the market was the increasing use and acceptance of indemnity-based triggers. Given that spreads have tightened between indemnity and other trigger types, sponsors were inclined to take advantage of investors’ openness to indemnity triggers to reduce coverage basis risk without a material increase in pricing relative to non-indemnity trigger pricing.

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March 5th, 2014

Chart: 2013 Catastrophe Bond Transactions

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

This table lists the 144A property/casualty catastrophe bond transactions that were completed in 2013.

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March 3rd, 2014

Chart: Risk Capital Outstanding

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

Risk capital outstanding for property/casualty catastrophe bonds for the period 1997 to 2013. 

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February 26th, 2014

2013 Closes with Near Record Catastrophe Bond Issuance According to GC Securities*

Posted at 11:30 PM ET

GC Securities, a division of MMC Securities Corp., a U.S. registered broker-dealer and member of FINRA/SIPC, today released an analysis of activity and trends within the catastrophe risk market from the fourth quarter of 2013, also including the outlook for 2014. According to the report, influence from direct capital markets’ participation in reinsurance programs, coupled with catastrophic insured losses well below historical averages in 2013, put significant pressure on global catastrophic reinsurance pricing. As a result of significantly reduced pricing, relative to recent years, approximately $7.1 billion worth of new property and casualty (P&C) catastrophe bonds were issued in 2013 - the second highest  record year for P&C issuance.

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