Posts Tagged ‘capital’



July 8th, 2014

GC Capital Ideas Top Chart Room Entries: Second Quarter, 2014

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

From one of GC Capital Ideas’ more popular categories, we highlight the top ten Chart Room stories viewed during the second quarter of 2014:

1. Chart: Global Property Catastrophe ROL Index: The Guy Carpenter Global Property Catastrophe Rate on Line index is presented for 1990 through 2014.  The index fell by 11 percent at January 1, 2014.

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2. Chart: Rate Movements by Business Segment: Reports rate movements at January 1, 2014.

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3. Chart: Regional Property Catastrophe ROL Index: The chart shows the indexes for United States, United Kingdom, Asia Pacific and Europe.

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4. Chart: Evolution of Dedicated Reinsurance Capital, 2012 - YE 2013: The evolution of dedicated sector capital is presented below. Guy Carpenter estimates this rose marginally in 2013 to USD322 billion at year-end as underwriting profits from low catastrophe claims and convergence capital inflows offset unrealized losses, sustained share buybacks and dividend payments.

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5. Chart: Chile Holds Spot on Most Expensive Earthquakes for Insurers: In light of April’s 8.2 magnitude earthquake in Chile we highlight a spring 2013 GC Capital Ideas table ranking the most expensive earthquakes for insurers. A seismic event in 2010 put the South American nation on that list.

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6. Chart: Confirmed Annual U.S. Tornado Activity: The chart reports confirmed annual U.S. tornado activity from 1950 to 2013 of F2 or higher strength with wind speeds of 113 mph and higher on the Fujita scale.

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7. Chart: 2013 Catastrophe Bond Transactions: This table lists the 144A property/casualty catastrophe bond transactions that were completed in 2013.

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8. Chart: Reserve Cycle Measured by Accident Year: In this chart Guy Carpenter is looking at the reserve cycle in a different way: by studying the booked ultimate loss by accident year. We choose accident year because actuaries typically analyze losses according to their year of accident. The estimate of the ultimate loss for a particular accident year ideally should not change over time if the initial estimate was correct. However, using U.S. industry data, we find that as a particular accident year is re-estimated periodically, a cycle appears.

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9. Chart: Risk Capital Issued by Quarter: Property/casualty catastrophe bonds issuance in the period 1997 to 2013.

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10. Chart: Catastrophe Bond Issuance and Capital Outstanding: Issuance reached a record high of USD7.1 billion, surpassing 2007’s total. Risk capital outstanding also reached an all-time high of USD18.6 billion last year.

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Securities or investments, as applicable, are offered in the United States through GC Securities, a division of MMC Securities Corp., a US registered broker-dealer and member FINRA/NFA/SIPC. Main Office: 1166 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10036. Phone: (212) 345-5000. Securities or investments, as applicable, are offered in the European Union by GC Securities, a division of MMC Securities (Europe) Ltd. (MMCSEL), which is authorized and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority, main office 25 The North Colonnade, Canary Wharf, London E14 5HS. Reinsurance products are placed through qualified affiliates of Guy Carpenter & Company, LLC. MMC Securities Corp., MMC Securities (Europe) Ltd. and Guy Carpenter & Company, LLC are affiliates owned by Marsh & McLennan Companies. This communication is not intended as an offer to sell or a solicitation of any offer to buy any security, financial instrument, reinsurance or insurance product. **GC Analytics is a registered mark with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

June 17th, 2014

Alternative Market’s Impact On Traditional Reinsurers

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

The April 1, 2014 and June 1, 2014 renewals indicate that competition from the capital markets continues to play a major role in the abundance of reinsurance capacity that is placing pressure on pricing. Here we review Guy Carpenter analyses examining the impact of the alternative markets on traditional reinsurers and how reinsurance carriers are expected to face that challenge through the year. 

Catastrophe Bond Outlook for 2014: The growing influence of alternative markets capacity is pressuring traditional reinsurers’ business model and challenging them to compete against a model with lower-cost of capital that continues to enter the reinsurance market. Most reinsurance companies have responded to the challenge by leveraging their incumbent status on reinsurance programs, offering similar or better terms and similar or reduced pricing. Particularly, traditional players are emphasizing their ability to efficiently provide reinstatements, which are seen by many as a critical part of core reinsurance programs, particularly for working reinsurance layers. Traditional players are also hedging their bets and creating their own capital markets divisions to attract, manage and utilize capital from third-party sources whether in the form of fund management, managed accounts or sidecars. This will allow reinsurers the opportunity to securitize the most capital-intensive parts of the business while providing valuable cost-efficient capacity in other business lines.

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Catastrophe Bond Update, Fourth Quarter 2013: Influence from direct capital markets’ participation in reinsurance programs, coupled with catastrophic insured losses well below historical averages in 2013, put significant pressure on global catastrophic reinsurance pricing. As a result of significantly reduced pricing (relative to recent years), approximately USD7.1 billion worth of new property/casualty (P&C) catastrophe bonds were issued in 2013 - the second largest record year for P&C issuance. The year included seven new sponsors - American Coastal, American Modern, AXIS Capital, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), QBE, Renaissance Re and the Turkish Catastrophe Insurance Pool - who collectively secured USD1.46 billion of catastrophe bond capacity. In addition to new sponsors, another prevalent change in the market was the increasing use and acceptance of indemnity-based triggers. Given that spreads have tightened between indemnity and other trigger types, sponsors were inclined to take advantage of investors’ openness to indemnity triggers to reduce coverage basis risk without a material increase in pricing relative to non-indemnity trigger pricing.

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Securities or investments, as applicable, are offered in the United States through GC Securities, a division of MMC Securities Corp., a US registered broker-dealer and member FINRA/NFA/SIPC. Main Office: 1166 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10036. Phone: (212) 345-5000. Securities or investments, as applicable, are offered in the European Union by GC Securities, a division of MMC Securities (Europe) Ltd. (MMCSEL), which is authorized and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority, main office 25 The North Colonnade, Canary Wharf, London E14 5HS. Reinsurance products are placed through qualified affiliates of Guy Carpenter & Company, LLC. MMC Securities Corp., MMC Securities (Europe) Ltd. and Guy Carpenter & Company, LLC are affiliates owned by Marsh & McLennan Companies. This communication is not intended as an offer to sell or a solicitation of any offer to buy any security, financial instrument, reinsurance or insurance product.

June 16th, 2014

The Total Value of Reinsurance for Long-Tail Business

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

victoria-jenkinsleong-jessica-bio-sep-2013Victoria Jenkins, Managing Director, and Jessica Leong, Lead Casualty Specialty Actuary

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Can we learn from Solvency II to unlock the hidden value of reinsurance for long-tail business?

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June 12th, 2014

Deployment of Collateralized Property Catastrophe Capacity

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

mowery_lara_bioLara Mowery, Global Head of Property
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The impact the capital markets have had on the property catastrophe reinsurance space is undeniable. Analyzing 2013 market activity, it is also undeniable that much of the movement the market witnessed is as much driven by traditional reinsurers’ changing behaviors. While companies buying catastrophe coverage benefitted, across product type and geography, from collateralized capacity in the market, deployment of this capacity has been targeted.

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June 5th, 2014

Increasing External Demands Compel Companies to Improve Risk Management Disclosures

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

Guy Carpenter released its latest Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) Benchmark Review earlier this year providing an in-depth analysis of risk management practices and policies of 67 insurance and reinsurance companies located in Europe, United States, Bermuda, and Asia-Pacific. Based on publicly-available data from financial and risk reports, Guy Carpenter’s ERM Benchmark Review reveals that most (re)insurers are managing capital with metric-based frameworks and are publishing more about their risk management targets than seen in Guy Carpenter’s 2009 analysis. Capital market, legislative, and regulatory influences, such as the approaching implementation of Solvency II, are expected to further compel company managements to better recognize and analyze the risks of their enterprises.

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June 2nd, 2014

Reinsurance Pricing Falls Again at June 1, 2014 as Competition Heightens

Posted at 11:30 PM ET

Guy Carpenter reports that downward pressure on reinsurance pricing has increased since the June 1, 2013 renewal due to continued competitive pressure from alternative markets, strong reinsurer balance sheets and low loss experiences. In its June 2014 renewal briefing, Guy Carpenter reports that competition increased as markets offered abundant capacity at reduced pricing.  Terms and conditions also came under pressure and multi-year transactions continued to be an area of investigation. Traditional reinsurers sought to protect their market share and alternative providers looked to utilize growing funds.

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May 27th, 2014

Trends in Convergent Capital in the Reinsurance Sector

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

Here we review GC Capital Ideas entries highlighting trends in convergent capital in the reinsurance sector. 

Chart: Evolution of Dedicated Reinsurance Capital, 2012 - YE 2013: The evolution of dedicated sector capital is presented in this chart. Guy Carpenter estimates this rose marginally in 2013 to USD322 billion at year-end as underwriting profits from low catastrophe claims and convergence capital inflows offset unrealized losses, sustained share buybacks and dividend payments.

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Chart: Catastrophe Bond Issuance and Capital Outstanding: Issuance reached a record high of USD7.1 billion, surpassing 2007’s total. Risk capital outstanding also reached an all-time high of USD18.6 billion last year.

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Chart: Pension Fund Capital Under Management and Allocations into Reinsurance: As the illustration shows, pension funds alone are worth around USD30 trillion. Based on Guy Carpenter’s analysis of possible capital allocation percentages to the (re)insurance space in consultation with sector experts, a maximum of USD900 billion of this amount could potentially be available for insurance-linked investments.

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*Securities or investments, as applicable, are offered in the United States through GC Securities, a division of MMC Securities Corp., a US registered broker-dealer and member FINRA/NFA/SIPC. Main Office:  1166 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10036. Phone: (212) 345-5000. Securities or investments, as applicable, are offered in the European Union by GC Securities, a division of MMC Securities (Europe) Ltd. (MMCSEL), which is authorized and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority, main office 25 The North Colonnade, Canary Wharf, London E14 5HS.  Reinsurance products are placed through qualified affiliates of Guy Carpenter & Company, LLC.  MMC Securities Corp., MMC Securities (Europe) Ltd. and Guy Carpenter & Company, LLC are affiliates owned by Marsh & McLennan Companies.  This communication is not intended as an offer to sell or a solicitation of any offer to buy any security, financial instrument, reinsurance or insurance product.  **GC Analytics is a registered mark with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

April 24th, 2014

Capital Stewardship Options

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

Here we bring together recent GC Capital Ideas stories that have presented options that good capital stewards in the reinsurance industry are currently considering for deployment of excess capital. 

Maintaining the Status Quo: One of the biggest challenges facing reinsurers is deciding how to deploy excess capital to generate a return that meets or exceeds the expectation of investors or shareholders.

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Return to Shareholders:  As a principle, excess capital should be returned to shareholders in periods of low return opportunity (particularly below cost of capital) while more capital should be retained/deployed during periods that offer higher returns. The chart here on the Global Reinsurance Composite Return of capital shows that reinsurers have been relatively disciplined over the last eight years, with carriers returning more capital when the pricing environment has softened.

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Organic Growth: With an abundance of excess capital, negligible growth in global reinsurance spend and the pricing outlook continuing to soften, one of the biggest challenges facing reinsurers is deciding how to deploy this excess capital to generate a return that meets or exceeds the expectation of investors or shareholders. Here we consider the option of organic growth.

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M&A - Grow/Diversify by Product Line: As carriers explore M&A opportunities to grow in the current environment, there is strong interest from potential buyers looking for bolt-on opportunities rather than transformational transactions. Although this demand has not to-date triggered a significant increase in M&A transactions, the ingredients for more activity are now in place.

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M&A - Grow/Diversify by Territory: With growth opportunities limited in mature markets, many insurers are looking to emerging markets for future expansion, in particular China, Southeast Asia and Central and Latin America. The chart here highlights gross written premium growth in emerging markets compared to developed markets from a 2003 base.

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M&A: Achieve Meaningful Scale in Reinsurance: In a reinsurance market with abundant excess capital and where most reinsurance programs are oversubscribed, the need for a meaningful line size or differentiated underwriting contribution has never been more relevant.

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M&A: The Evolving Legacy (Run-Off) Market: The recent completion by legacy solution specialists of a number of acquisitions in the live insurance space could be a watershed moment for the standalone run-off market. The original business concept of a run-off manager was a pure focus on legacy business - to achieve finality in legacy claims and manage the outstanding book of legacy business in the same cost efficient way that an insurer would manage a renewal book of business.

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Securities or investments, as applicable, are offered in the United States through GC Securities, a division of MMC Securities Corp., a US registered broker-dealer and member FINRA/NFA/SIPC. Main Office: 1166 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10036. Phone: (212) 345-5000. Securities or investments, as applicable, are offered in the European Union by GC Securities, a division of MMC Securities (Europe) Ltd. (MMCSEL), which is authorized and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority, main office 25 The North Colonnade, Canary Wharf, London E14 5HS. Reinsurance products are placed through qualified affiliates of Guy Carpenter & Company, LLC. MMC Securities Corp., MMC Securities (Europe) Ltd. and Guy Carpenter & Company, LLC are affiliates owned by Marsh & McLennan Companies. This communication is not intended as an offer to sell or a solicitation of any offer to buy any security, financial instrument, reinsurance or insurance product. **GC Analytics is a registered mark with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

April 17th, 2014

ERM Benchmark Review Update 2013

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

Here we bring together the GC Capital Ideas four part Enterprise Risk Management Update story for 2013:

ERM Benchmark Review, 2013 Update: Part I: In April and October 2009, Guy Carpenter published two briefings titled “Risk Profile, Appetite and Tolerance: Fundamental Concepts in Risk Management and Reinsurance Effectiveness.” This briefing is an update of those studies that summarizes the information publicly disclosed on enterprise risk management (ERM) measures.

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ERM Benchmark Review, 2013 Update: Part II: Before focusing on the results of the latest study, we would like to reaffirm the definition of risk profile, risk appetite and risk tolerance found in our previous publications.

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ERM Benchmark Review, 2013 Update: Part III: The table quantifies the proportion of companies in the sample that disclose the method as well as the specific level of various risk quantifications. Compared to our previous ERM benchmark study, a new metric referring to catastrophe risk has been added. Taking advantage of the increased level of disclosure and transparency on catastrophe risk exposure, we have extended our reports to include this in view of its importance in the economic capital approach of (re)insurers.

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ERM Benchmark Review, 2013 Update: Part IV: Capital management using risk-based capital models and capital allocation is a central component of risk management practices. We have investigated this topic as a new chapter for our 2013 ERM Benchmark update. In this context, the table shows the portion of companies that publish concrete data on their excess capital - the amount of capital retained in excess of a certain target amount. The table also shows both the portion of companies using risk-based capital models in the risk management process and the portion giving some indication of the methodology of the capital allocation process.

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April 16th, 2014

Reinsurance Renewals in 2014

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

As we complete the April 1, 2014 reinsurance renewal, we review the GC Capital Ideas renewal stories of 2014. 

January 1, 2014 Renewals Bring Downward Pressure on Pricing: Guy Carpenter reports that reinsurance rates-on-line fell at the January 1, 2014 renewal in nearly all classes and regions. According to Guy Carpenter’s 2014 global renewal report, strong balance sheets, relatively low loss experiences and an unprecedented influx of convergence capital spurred competition and innovation at renewal. These factors led in turn to surplus capacity across most business segments as competition spilled beyond property catastrophe lines.

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April Renewals Bring Price Reductions & Focus on Tailored Coverage: Guy Carpenter reports that the April 1, 2014 renewal was marked by price reductions and more tailored reinsurance coverage. Strong balance sheets, an abundance of capacity and a consolidation of buying led to lower reinsurance pricing across most territories and business segments at the renewal.

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