As greater understanding of the cyber peril is gained, a chief concern for (re)insurers is risk aggregation. Unlike traditional property insurance where aggregation is monitored by physical locations, insurers are exposed to the possibility of a single attack or a series of attacks either against multiple insureds or a single insured (such as a cloud provider) that could lead to substantial losses across multiple geographies. While a large systemic risk has not yet materialized, it does not mean the risk is not present. The challenging part is that there is limited history and lack of data for this emerging exposure, which makes it difficult for insurers to measure cyber risk and calculate capital needs.
Posts Tagged ‘Casualty’
As businesses, both large and small, throughout all sectors of industry, become more and more reliant on technology to improve service efficiencies and functionalities, cyber risk has become one of the most pressing public topics addressed in corporate boardrooms and by governments across the globe. The corresponding awareness of a business’s susceptibility to a cyber-attack has grown along with a spate of high-profile attacks. Consequently, cyber risk is now an embedded feature of the global risk landscape, not only as a privacy/network liability, which is where much of the publicity has arisen, but also as a peril affecting traditional insurance lines. Therefore, preventative and post-event remediation are gaining importance as shareholders, regulators and rating agencies are increasingly focused on enterprise risk management activities for cyber risks.
The concept of equivalence under Solvency II determines to what extent (re)insurance entities outside Europe can operate within the European Union (EU) while relying solely on their local solvency standards. The ability to operate in the EU is a significant issue that impacts multinational (re)insurance companies and groups.
(Re)Insurers Modifying Their Behavior Ahead Of A.M. Best’s New Ratings And BCAR Criteria - GC@MC Commentary
Industry Accelerates Risk Profile Analytics and Development of Their Own Risk Tolerances and Stochastic Capital Modeling
The launch of A.M. Best’s (Best) new ratings and Stochastic-based Best’s Capital Adequacy Ratio (BCAR) draft criteria became an inflection point for (re)insurers worldwide. The 2016 changes represent Best’s first major overhaul in over 20 years and are leading to a growing number of changes in market behaviors across the company size spectrum. (Re)insurers are assessing their risk and capital management positions in anticipation of the impacts of Best’s new requirements even though the changes will not result in massive differences in its published ratings nor likely become effective until later in 2017, according to Eric Simpson, Managing Director and Mark Murray, Senior Vice President of Guy Carpenter.
Eric Paire, Head of Global Partners & Strategic Advisory, EMEA
Movement Within Capital Ratios Leading to Uncertainty Amongst Mid-Size Companies
The impact of the Solvency II capital ratio on composite life and property/casualty balance sheets is proving more substantial than some companies initially expected, according to Eric Paire, Head of Global Partners & Strategic Advisory, EMEA at Guy Carpenter. This development is due to the double impact of market volatility and volatility within the solvency ratio itself.
Technologies that we may take for granted today such as anti-lock braking and airbag systems, driving and parking assistance, hazardous condition traction control and global positioning system routing, may soon all come together and evolve into fully autonomous self-driving automobiles. Self-driving cars are expected to begin commercial production and be in use by 2017. Google, the pioneer in the field, claims it can cut road accidents by eliminating the human driver who gets distracted by text messages or becomes tired. Although safety and efficiency gains have been the most cited and prominent benefits for the rationale for the development of self-driving automobiles, a considerable number of challenges remain.
As referenced in the table Taxonomy of Cyber Risk for Corporations below, the potential losses deriving from cyber-attacks or non-malicious information technology failures fall into 11 categories illustrated in the second table Loss Categories Deriving From Cyber Attacks and Non-Malicious IT Failures.
Loss reserves are arguably one of the most difficult risks to estimate and monitor. In fact, inadequate pricing and deficient loss reserves have been the leading cause of property/casualty company impairments. According to A.M. Best, from 1969 to 2009 they triggered approximately 40 percent of all impairments - four times more than those emanating from natural catastrophes (1). There are many uncertainties in managing long-tailed, heavily legislated lines of business that can be triggered from emerging risks. Unforeseen inflation and anticipated legislative changes over a 10 to 30 year period present many demands. In order to prepare for emerging risk scenarios, future trends and related uncertainties need to be explicitly identified, contemplated and estimated.