Current capital requirements in the United States are set at a legal-entity level. Yet there are currently no global requirements for companies that operate in more than one country, and calculation formulas for capital requirements typically vary in each jurisdiction. Solvency II is the closest to mandating a group standard. Solvency II uses the concept of “equivalence” to deal with differing capital regimes between the European Union and the rest of the world including the United States, instead of forcing Solvency II standards on a third country.
Posts Tagged ‘China’
The China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) is instituting sweeping changes through its three-tiered China Risk Oriented Solvency System (C-ROSS) framework that will dramatically impact how (re)insurers conduct business. It will strengthen capital requirements, risk management and transparency disclosures - bringing China in line with, and in some cases overtaking, global standards. The C-ROSS framework is similar to Solvency II: three tiers focusing on quantitative, qualitative and disclosure requirements.
Asia Pacific is a diverse mix of countries encompassing nearly one-third of the earth’s landmass and more than one half of its population. Given the broad spectrum of economic and regulatory sophistication across the region, the approach to insurance regulation has varied on a country-by-country basis as each regime adapts solvency principles to their own needs and political realities.
Eva Zheng and Graham Jones
It is anticipated that the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) will recognize cash deposits (including premiums withheld), letters of credit (LOC) and certain other forms of collateral. LOCs must be issued by domestic banks with a capital adequacy ratio of no less than 11 percent or by overseas financial institutions with credit ratings equal to or higher than AA-. Cedents will be required to report and re-value their counterparty risk on a quarterly basis and adjust collateral positions accordingly.
Eva Zheng and Graham Jones
China’s developing insurance market is a potential bright spot for growth in an otherwise challenging landscape for global reinsurers. Driven by a maturing economy and expected increases in household penetration ratios, property/casualty insurance premium, totaling USD 121.6 billion in 2014 (1), is projected to increase to roughly USD 300 billion by 2030 (2).
Guy Carpenter today published an assessment of the development of solvency requirements and regulatory initiatives that are impacting (re)insurers in the Asia Pacific (APAC) region. According to the report, these developments are driven by four key motivators, including the need to improve resiliency post-catastrophic loss; to increase oversight in a post-Great Recession world; to follow best practices from the banking and international insurance sectors; and finally, to satisfy domestic political pressures.
Globalization in the insurance industry has historically been characterized by North American companies seeking to expand their business models to Europe, with Asia and South America as their secondary focus. European companies have sought to expand into North America, Asia and Latin America (for Spanish and Portuguese speaking companies).
In the wake of the global financial crisis in 2008, significant regulatory change aimed at preventing/mitigating future crises was implemented. While the U.S. insurance regulatory framework did remarkably well in the protection of insurance consumers and companies in the United States during the financial crisis, it was, and will be affected by these reforms. Today, the results are having a profound impact on companies’ balance sheets and risk management practices. Although primarily aimed at larger, global insurers, the changes are so extensive that they may impact medium and small insurers to some extent. The question that most (re)insurers are asking today is how can they cope with the myriad regulatory, legislative and ratings changes and continue to maximize opportunities and maintain profitable growth.