In the Northwest Pacific Basin, Typhoon Sarika and Super Typhoon Haima have recently affected areas of the Philippines, Vietnam and Mainland China. Both typhoons made landfall in the northern Philippines within a week, as a Category 4 on the Saffir-Simpson scale. Reported impacts in the northern Philippines have been especially severe, with reports of moderate to complete damage over areas of northern Luzon. Damage from wind, flooding and mudslides have been reported, together with reports of downed trees and powerlines.
Posts Tagged ‘China’
Here we review the top five CAT-i stories covering July through September of 2016.
In the Northwest Pacific Basin, Typhoon Megi made landfall in central Taiwan Tuesday afternoon, local time. The typhoon brought reports of excessive rainfall, flash-flooding, and roof damage for affected areas. Isolated rainfall amounts exceeding 1,250 millimeters (50 inches) were reported, with general rainfall amounts of 250 millimeters (10 inches) or more.
Super Typhoon Meranti made close approach to southern Taiwan with one-minute sustained winds of 305 kilometers per hour (190 mph), among the strongest tropical cyclones on record. Meranti rendered significant flooding and wind impacts to southern Taiwan, with nearly 800 millimeters (32 inches) of rainfall for some locations. Meranti then weakened to make final landfall on Mainland China in Fujian Province with one-minute sustained winds of 170 kilometers per hour (105 mph). Meranti rendered significant flood impacts and damage to infrastructure following final landfall. At least 11 fatalities and 82 injuries have been reported. Our first thoughts and concerns are with those lost and directly affected by this event.
Super Typhoon Nepartak made landfall on the southeast coast of Taiwan around 22 UTC on July 7, before final landfall as a tropical storm on Mainland China around 06 UTC on July 9. Nepartak has rendered significant flood impacts both in Taiwan and Mainland China according to media reports, with at least 10 and three dead in Mainland China and Taiwan, respectively. Flood impacts have been especially severe in Mainland China, which was affected by excessive monsoon rains just prior to Nepartak. Our first thoughts and concerns are with those lost and directly affected.
Here we review recent GC Capital Ideas posts on developments in China’s insurance regulatory system.
Current capital requirements in the United States are set at a legal-entity level. Yet there are currently no global requirements for companies that operate in more than one country, and calculation formulas for capital requirements typically vary in each jurisdiction. Solvency II is the closest to mandating a group standard. Solvency II uses the concept of “equivalence” to deal with differing capital regimes between the European Union and the rest of the world including the United States, instead of forcing Solvency II standards on a third country.
The China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) is instituting sweeping changes through its three-tiered China Risk Oriented Solvency System (C-ROSS) framework that will dramatically impact how (re)insurers conduct business. It will strengthen capital requirements, risk management and transparency disclosures - bringing China in line with, and in some cases overtaking, global standards. The C-ROSS framework is similar to Solvency II: three tiers focusing on quantitative, qualitative and disclosure requirements.
Asia Pacific is a diverse mix of countries encompassing nearly one-third of the earth’s landmass and more than one half of its population. Given the broad spectrum of economic and regulatory sophistication across the region, the approach to insurance regulation has varied on a country-by-country basis as each regime adapts solvency principles to their own needs and political realities.
Eva Zheng and Graham Jones
It is anticipated that the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) will recognize cash deposits (including premiums withheld), letters of credit (LOC) and certain other forms of collateral. LOCs must be issued by domestic banks with a capital adequacy ratio of no less than 11 percent or by overseas financial institutions with credit ratings equal to or higher than AA-. Cedents will be required to report and re-value their counterparty risk on a quarterly basis and adjust collateral positions accordingly.