Issuance reached USD4.8 billion in the first seven months of 2013. Risk capital outstanding also reached an all-time high of around USD16.6 billion during the same period.
Posts Tagged ‘Guy Carp’
The rapid growth of new technologies such as nanotechnology also presents significant challenges to risk managers and (re)insurers. Nanotechnology, the science of manipulating matter at the molecular level, is already being used in numerous consumer and industrial products such as paint, fabric, cosmetics, treated wood, electronics and sunscreen. Its use is also expected to grow in areas such as medicine, pharmaceuticals, pollution clean-up and electronics. Despite the widespread use of nanomaterials in many products today, very little is known about the long-term implications on health or the environment.
Having examined the three emerging risks of cyber, climate change and space in detail, it is clear they present serious threats to businesses and (re)insurers. Not only will the fallout from these risks result in losses we can currently anticipate and predict (such as increased property damage and liability vulnerability), but they also have the potential to trigger costly secondary impacts such as a breakdown in supply chains, reputational damage, disrupted power supplies and possibly others that are more difficult to foresee.
An increasing number of (re)insurers are therefore adopting comprehensive climate change strategies to recognize the potential impact on their businesses. Investing in solutions that help predict the likely effects of global warming on the location, intensity and cost of weather-related catastrophes is critical to acquiring a better understanding of climate change risk.
Although there has been a significant increase in both economic and insured losses from natural catastrophes in recent decades, it is important to put these numbers in context. With the exception of coastal flood, inland flood and drought, the wholesale attribution of rising financial losses to an increase in hazard frequency can be misleading. Statements concerning the influence of global warming on loss trends would be better served if normalized by factors such as inflation, (per capita) gross domestic product, total insured value, population density and annualized property value. Indeed, the IPCC agrees that ignoring these factors leaves an upward trend in losses for purely economic reasons, notwithstanding any behavior in the peril. As an example, the recent “trend” in hurricane losses for the coastal United States loses clarity when normalized by inflation and population density. (1)
A late-season severe convective outbreak has affected a large portion of the Midwest, Ohio Valley, and Great Lakes including Southern Ontario. This widespread and violent outbreak has left absolute damage in communities such as Washington, Illinois. The outbreak occurred ahead of a strong cold front affecting the area. Numerous tornadoes have been reported, primarily in Indiana and Illinois, with some preliminary reports as high as an EF-4 rating on the Enhanced Fujita Scale. Reports of pea to quarter sized hail are more widespread, together with damaging winds.
Changing Precipitation Patterns - Drought and Wildfire
Global warming is also impacting drought and wildfire patterns around the world, with notable regional differences. The IPCC says that some regions of the world have experienced more intense and longer droughts (southern Europe and West Africa in particular) while other areas such as central North America and northwestern Australia have seen less frequent, less intense or shorter drought events.
Our first thoughts and concerns are with those lost or recovering from the exceptionally severe impacts of Super Typhoon Haiyan. Haiyan is among the strongest tropical cyclones ever recorded, and meets or surpasses the strongest landfalling tropical cyclone in recorded history. Haiyan made landfall in the Philippines on November 8 near Guiuan, with estimated 1-minute wind speeds of 185-195 mph (300-315 km/hr). A second landfall occurred on November 10 as a minimal Typhoon near the Vietnam-China border.
Global climate models project a best estimate of a further two to four degree (Celsius) increase in the mean temperature of the Earth by the end of this century. Although this may seem insignificant on an intuitive level, the resulting impacts are of significant concern. Sea-level rise is the most significant threat for coastal areas as a result of melting glaciers. Apart from this threat, changing weather patterns will result in drought and inland flood threats for some areas. As a general principle of climate change, changes to the mean of meteorological extreme value distributions can be expected but an increase in tail thickness (or variability) is of greater concern. The day-to-day variability that we see today will likely expand.
The increase in the global mean air temperature, as compared to the 1951-1980 average, is depicted in Figure F-2, and the surge in average oceanic heat content for the 0-700 meter layer is depicted in Figure F-3. The increase in oceanic heat content in particular is notable as it takes a very large amount of energy to heat such a volume of water.