Some may question why terrorism risk has a place in a document dedicated to emerging risk. Terrorism as a form of violence to promote cause or promote change is one of the original human conflicts. The wind blows and the earth shakes much the same way now as it has for hundreds, thousands of years. However, terrorism as a risk and a peril has evolved over the years and is a current concern in all parts of the world. Given the growing population, regional conflicts producing a broad list of potential instigators, the expansive reach of social media for extremists spreading their messages and recruiting and the diversity of possible attack modes to cause human and economic loss, terrorism does qualify as an emerging risk. With this contemporaneity in mind, we will discuss terrorism as an example of an emerging risk that is being aggravated by changes in geo-political events and in the continued notable challenges in modeling its ever changing underlying complexities.
Posts Tagged ‘Legislation’
Here we examine the variations in the regulation of data protection and privacy between the United States and Europe.
It has been a little over four years since the enactment and subsequent implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, more widely known as the ACA. The impact on the insurance industry as a whole has been tremendous, but it has not been shared equally among the industry subsectors. While the property/casualty (P&C) industry was not exactly spared, receiving a comparatively “light touch,” the ACA has been a catalyst helping create a transformational bridge between the P&C and the health insurance industries.
The Republican-led Financial Services Committee in the House of Representatives put forward a draft proposal outline to reauthorize the Terrorism Risk Insurance Program Reauthorization Act (TRIPRA) on May 1, 2014. After further negotiations, the House Republican leadership presented the TRIA Reform Act of 2014 on June 11 that proposes a five-year reauthorization of the federal program (to the end of 2019) with a similar copay structure to that of the Senate bill. The full senate passed their committee’s recommended version 93-4 on July 17, 2014. However, a number of changes have also been proposed that have the potential to impact the market if fully implemented, including higher program triggers for non-nuclear, biological, chemical and radiological (NBCR) events, an increase to the recoupment rate and an enhancement to the program’s taxpayer repayment requirements. The table below outlines the different terms and durations that have been put forward by the Senate and the House.
Even if the Terrorism Risk Insurance Program Reauthorization Act (TRIPRA) is renewed without wholesale changes, the recent organic growth in US nationwide workers compensation premiums as a result of rate rises and payroll growth is likely to cause insurance companies’ deductibles to increase. This in turn is likely to increase demand for terrorism reinsurance.
Guy Carpenter today published a new report highlighting emerging risks facing the (re)insurance sector, including cyber-attacks, terrorism and new compensation structures for long-term bodily injuries. The report seeks to identify and categorize these risks that are now confronting the sector, as well as analyze their implications on businesses and (re)insurers.
Marsh & McLennan Companies (MMC), the parent company of Guy Carpenter, strongly supports the reauthorization and modernization of the Terrorism Risk Insurance Program Reauthorization Act (TRIPRA). MMC and Guy Carpenter consider the Act to be a model public-private partnership that has provided affordable and widely available terrorism cover. Thankfully, thus far, the federal government has not made any payments under Terrorism Risk Insurance Act (TRIA) and its successors. Non-renewal or a major change in the program would almost certainly affect existing TRIPRA coverage, standalone terrorism pricing and TRIPRA captive programs. In addition, the workers compensation market would be severely impacted from a capacity, availability and pricing basis.
In 2012, there were over 850 insurers participating in the Terrorism Risk Insurance Program Reauthorization Act (TRIPRA), writing over USD183 billion in premiums. Using the current 20 percent deductible requirement of TRIPRA and policyholder surplus as a filter, Guy Carpenter found that the smaller to mid-sized insurance carriers would be most affected should there be an increase in the deductible of any program that replaces TRIPRA (see table below). Without TRIPRA, insurers with less than USD300 million in surplus would likely need to incorporate additional private reinsurance market capacity to protect their capital and to satisfy rating agencies and regulators.
Guy Carpenter conducted a survey in the fourth quarter of 2013 with a number of reinsurers to help quantify the amount of terrorism reinsurance capacity that is currently available in the US market for all lines of business. At the market’s price, multiline terrorism reinsurance capacity is estimated to be approximately USD2.5 billion per program for coverages that include conventional weapon terrorism. Reinsurance capacity for coverages that include nuclear, biological, chemical or radiological (NBCR) is estimated to be approximately USD1 billion per program.