Posts Tagged ‘macroeconomic’



July 28th, 2014

The Drivers of Agriculture Insurance in Asia, Part III: What Influences Agriculture Insurance?

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

peter_book_-smaller-hs3Peter Book, Head of Agriculture, Asia Pacific

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Having recognized what is driving agriculture and the importance of risk transfer, the next step is to look at what is influencing the insurance of agriculture and the impact of certain agents, ranging from governments to the (re)insurance industry.

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July 24th, 2014

The Drivers of Agriculture Insurance in Asia, Part II: Factors At Play

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

peter_book_-smaller-hs2Peter Book, Head of Agriculture, Asia Pacific

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Some would argue that individual governments have limited means to control the demand side of the equation. In respect of drivers such as food security and standard of living they are likely to be the main protagonists for change. Certainly the agricultural production sector and individual producers have even less influence.

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July 23rd, 2014

The Drivers of Agriculture Insurance in Asia, Part I: Introduction

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

peter_book_-smaller-hsPeter Book, Head of Agriculture, Asia Pacific

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Greater demands are being placed on Asia’s agricultural sector as the region’s rapidly changing economies and their increasingly affluent populations seek to boost living standards. This, in turn, will fuel the development of insurance products necessary to underpin the growth in agriculture.

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June 4th, 2014

What is Food Security?

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

Here we review how the application of risk management practices and risk transfer can assist individual countries and small geographic locations with providing food security for the populace.

What is Food Security? Part I: Fundamentally food has to be safe, nutritious and available in sufficient quantity. On a global scale these are always achievable. It is at a country or smaller geographic territory-level where problems often arise.

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What is Food Security? Part II: A challenge in many regions is the transport from the farm of the right food to the consumer without physical loss or spoilage. Putting transit losses aside, there is a question of getting the “correct” food and influencing the supply chain.

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What is Food Security? Part III: Putting It into Practice and a Look to the Future: In several Asian countries there are already examples of attempts to alleviate the physical, social and economic factors that hamper food security. China in particular is rapidly developing a sophisticated agriculture insurance system with evidence of a number of different risk transfer instruments.

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May 22nd, 2014

Insurance Gaps in Emerging Economies

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

From our Chart Room, we review the increasing gap between GDP growth and reinsurance in the Asia Pacific region and the small proportion of losses that were insured in both the advanced and emerging economies. 

 

Chart: Increasing Gap Between GDP Growth and Reinsurance Limit in Asia Pacific: The chart shows that growth in reinsurance catastrophe limit in the Asia Pacific region has clearly not kept pace with economic growth since 2006. Stronger rates of economic growth in such emerging markets mean the gap between economic and insured losses has the potential to increase further.

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Chart: Economic and Insured Losses in Advanced and Emerging Economies: The chart shows how small a proportion of losses were insured in both advanced and emerging markets between 2002 and 2011.

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April 24th, 2014

Capital Stewardship Options

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

Here we bring together recent GC Capital Ideas stories that have presented options that good capital stewards in the reinsurance industry are currently considering for deployment of excess capital. 

Maintaining the Status Quo: One of the biggest challenges facing reinsurers is deciding how to deploy excess capital to generate a return that meets or exceeds the expectation of investors or shareholders.

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Return to Shareholders:  As a principle, excess capital should be returned to shareholders in periods of low return opportunity (particularly below cost of capital) while more capital should be retained/deployed during periods that offer higher returns. The chart here on the Global Reinsurance Composite Return of capital shows that reinsurers have been relatively disciplined over the last eight years, with carriers returning more capital when the pricing environment has softened.

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Organic Growth: With an abundance of excess capital, negligible growth in global reinsurance spend and the pricing outlook continuing to soften, one of the biggest challenges facing reinsurers is deciding how to deploy this excess capital to generate a return that meets or exceeds the expectation of investors or shareholders. Here we consider the option of organic growth.

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M&A - Grow/Diversify by Product Line: As carriers explore M&A opportunities to grow in the current environment, there is strong interest from potential buyers looking for bolt-on opportunities rather than transformational transactions. Although this demand has not to-date triggered a significant increase in M&A transactions, the ingredients for more activity are now in place.

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M&A - Grow/Diversify by Territory: With growth opportunities limited in mature markets, many insurers are looking to emerging markets for future expansion, in particular China, Southeast Asia and Central and Latin America. The chart here highlights gross written premium growth in emerging markets compared to developed markets from a 2003 base.

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M&A: Achieve Meaningful Scale in Reinsurance: In a reinsurance market with abundant excess capital and where most reinsurance programs are oversubscribed, the need for a meaningful line size or differentiated underwriting contribution has never been more relevant.

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M&A: The Evolving Legacy (Run-Off) Market: The recent completion by legacy solution specialists of a number of acquisitions in the live insurance space could be a watershed moment for the standalone run-off market. The original business concept of a run-off manager was a pure focus on legacy business - to achieve finality in legacy claims and manage the outstanding book of legacy business in the same cost efficient way that an insurer would manage a renewal book of business.

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March 26th, 2014

What is Food Security? Part III: Putting It into Practice and a Look to the Future

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

peter_book_-smaller-hsPeter Book, Head of Agriculture, Asia Pacific

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Putting it into practice

In several Asian countries there are already examples of attempts to alleviate the physical, social and economic factors that hamper food security.

Continue reading…

March 25th, 2014

What is Food Security? Part II

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

peter_book_-smaller-hsPeter Book, Head of Agriculture, Asia Pacific

Contact

Social: Managing the supply side.

A challenge in many regions is the transport from the farm of the right food to the consumer without physical loss or spoilage. Putting transit losses aside, there is a question of getting the “correct” food and influencing the supply chain.

Continue reading…

March 24th, 2014

What is Food Security? Part I

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

peter_book_-smaller-hsPeter Book, Head of Agriculture, Asia Pacific

Contact

Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.¹

Fundamentally food has to be safe, nutritious and available in sufficient quantity. On a global scale these are always achievable. It is at a country or smaller geographic territory-level where problems often arise. These concepts encompass the first part of the opening statement and relate to access:

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January 22nd, 2014

Chart: Increasing Gap Between GDP Growth and Reinsurance Limit in Asia Pacific

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

The chart shows that growth in reinsurance catastrophe limit in the Asia Pacific region has clearly not kept pace with economic growth since 2006. Stronger rates of economic growth in such emerging markets mean the gap between economic and insured losses has the potential to increase further. 

Continue reading…