Posts Tagged ‘macroeconomic’
Guy Carpenter hosted “Transferring Risk - Is the Insurance and Reinsurance Industry Adequately Servings its Clients?” the Reinsurance Symposium held in Baden-Baden on October 20, 2013. The event explored a range of topics including: the gap between economic and insured losses; how new capital entering the market can move beyond property catastrophe; and measures to provide coverage for new and emerging risks.
With an abundance of excess capital, negligible growth in global reinsurance spend and the pricing outlook continuing to soften, one of the biggest challenges facing reinsurers is deciding how to deploy this excess capital to generate a return that meets or exceeds the expectation of investors or shareholders. Today we consider the option of organic growth.
Joan Lamm-Tennant, PhD, Global Chief Economist and Risk Strategist, and Stefano Dominedo, Vice President
While markets in some developed countries are demonstrating signs of recovery from the economic uncertainty of the last few years, and the growth in some developing markets is slowing, emerging countries remain attractive for insurance companies seeking opportunities for profitable growth. Latin America is an especially significant emerging region - it is rich in natural resources, geographically close to the United States and all of its governments are democratic. Before entering and engaging in business in this region, it is necessary for companies to be familiar with the economic environment, political situation, regulations, trends and risks that may be encountered.
Here we present recent GC Capital Ideas stories focusing on profitable growth.
Here we bring together recent GC Capital Ideas’ posts that have focused on the BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China) countries.
Increased Flood Loss Potential: Making use of all available tools and practicing comprehensive exposure management will both strengthen (re)insurers’ ERM practices and allow them to make informed risk management and reinsurance decisions as they enter new markets. Certainly, flood risk is prevalent and increasing in almost every developing economy.
Lloyd’s: What Will Success Look Like? If Lloyd’s is successful in achieving the growth and diversification outlined in its near-term and long-term strategic plans, it can expect to capitalize on business opportunities in emerging market economies such as the BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China). Growth, however, will not necessarily be limited to these markets. Other countries in Southeast Asia, Eastern Europe and Latin America are experiencing strong growth and increasing insurance penetration, and these territories also present attractive opportunities for Lloyd’s.
Growth Potential in Developing Markets: Positive premium growth trends in developing markets are expected to be sustained over the next decade. During this time, emerging markets are expected to drive global economic growth, and foreign direct investment in these emerging regions is likely to increase. In Brazil alone, investment in infrastructure is expected to amount to USD550 billion over the next few years as the country prepares to host the soccer World Cup in 2014 and the summer Olympics in 2016. China and India too are expected to continue to see robust growth in the next ten years.
State of the Reinsurance Market, Part II: Inflation/Deflation Expectations, Investment Returns: Expansionary monetary policy has fueled concerns that inflation could increase in the medium term, but the picture is less clear in the near term. While consumer price indices in Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRIC), the United States and the rest of the G7 currently exhibit positive trends, consensus forecasts show borderline disinflationary trends in the nearer term in the United States and many developed markets.
The macroeconomic environment continues to be top-of-mind among insurance leaders. With growth in global real gross domestic product (GDP) slowing from 4.1 percent in 2010 to 3 percent in 2011, insurance leaders continue to experience significant headwinds challenging profitable growth. As reported by Swiss Re, insurance overall direct premiums declined 0.8 percent in real terms in 2011. Nevertheless, pockets of opportunities do exist and will continue in the near term. Stabilizing social/political conditions, investments in infrastructure and demographic progression continue to fuel strong positive GDP growth and increasing insurance penetration in emerging economies. In these economies, overall direct premiums increased 1.3 percent in real terms in 2011, with non-life premiums increasing 9.1 percent.
A new capital management paradigm is challenging the traditional reinsurance model. Historically, significant market losses from major catastrophic events and low investment yields were a catalyst for an improved rate environment. Faced with current economic conditions, reinsurers are finding it more difficult to generate adequate returns in excess of their cost of capital, and are seeing an increased competitive threat from alternative capacity from the capital markets. New money appears to be more permanent and therefore limits the firmness and duration of any improved rate environment. Catastrophe bonds, sidecars, structured industry-loss warranties and collateralized reinsurance vehicles are among the alternative market options. Hedge funds are also playing a more active role, with a couple of major names setting up reinsurance operations in Bermuda.
David Flandro, Global Head of Business Intelligence, Julian Alovisi, Assistant Vice President, Lucy Dalimonte, Senior Vice President, Ellen Rieder, Managing Director and Emma Karhan, Senior Vice President
There are now limited expectations of terrorism insurance being addressed in Congress before TRIPRA’s expiration in 2014. If TRIPRA is not extended or is substantially modified, there will be an impact on embedded terrorism insurance coverage, standalone terrorism pricing/demand for capacity and TRIPRA captive placements.
As the marketplace becomes increasingly competitive, and economic and socio-political conditions stabilize in many emerging markets, these territories will become more central to carrier companies’ strategies. However, pursuing growth opportunities in such developing economies brings new and different risks. There are growing concerns about increasing exposure and vulnerability to natural hazards in such growth regions. Writing business that is catastrophe exposed at adequate prices and terms is crucial for profitable growth in new markets, and it is important that (re)insurers maintain underwriting discipline when entering emerging economies.