For a number of reasons the United Kingdom represents an extreme example of the impact of annuity compensation structures. For severe bodily injury cases it is now highly likely that the claimant will opt for an annuity structure (known as a periodic payment order, or PPO) rather than a lump-sum. These are often indexed accordingly to the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE) (1). As a consequence, the uncertainties that had previously been transferred to the claimant are now retained by the insurer (and to a certain extent, its reinsurers). Unlike an individual claimant, the insurer needs to articulate these risks in its capital modeling. These risks can be categorized as follows:
Posts Tagged ‘Regulatory’
Cyber-attacks and Terrorism Revealed as Top Emerging Risks for 2015, According to Annual Guy Carpenter Survey
Cyber-attacks and terrorism are ranked among the top emerging risks concerning the (re)insurance industry in the year ahead, according to a survey released today by Guy Carpenter. According to the findings, new products, expansion into new geographic markets and access to new distribution channels will be the primary drivers of profitable growth in 2015.
Guy Carpenter today announced the appointments of Eric Simpson as Managing Director and Mark Murray as Senior Vice President. Mr. Murray reports to Mr. Simpson, who reports directly to Jack Snyder, Managing Director, Head of the Rating Agency Practice, Guy Carpenter Strategic Advisory. Both are based in the Philadelphia office. Mr. Simpson joined Guy Carpenter on April 28 and Mr. Murray on April 21.
Here we review GC Capital Ideas entries highlighting Europe’s embrace of periodic payment orders over traditional lump sum payments for the settlement of bodily injury claims.
Time Off for Certain Behavior: The Courts Act of 2003 fundamentally changed the way that catastrophic injury claims are settled by insurers. It gave the courts the power to enforce a periodic payment order (PPO) as compensation instead of an upfront lump sum payment. A PPO is an annuity payment from the insurer to the claimant, and is designed to cover ongoing care costs, loss of earnings and other expenses associated with the injuries sustained for the rest of the claimant’s lifetime.
Chart: Prevalence of Annuity Settlements in Europe: For bodily injury claim settlements in Europe, the trend is shifting away from lump sums and towards annuity-type settlements, which come with risks related to longevity, inflation and hedging.
Guy Carpenter hosted “Transferring Risk - Is the Insurance and Reinsurance Industry Adequately Serving its Clients?” the Reinsurance Symposium held in Baden-Baden on October 20, 2013. The event explored a range of topics including: the gap between economic and insured losses; how new capital entering the market can move beyond property catastrophe; and measures to provide coverage for new and emerging risks.
For bodily injury claim settlements in Europe, the trend is shifting away from lump sums and towards annuity-type settlements, which come with risks related to longevity, inflation and hedging. Insurance companies with significant casualty business may see their risk profiles transform over time to be more like pensions funds - but without working members and with even longer lasting liabilities. While the insurance industry is beginning to understand the implications of this move to annuity settlements, it does not have a clear understanding of the implications for an increasingly important regulatory balance sheet metric: Risk Margin.
The macroeconomic environment continues to be top-of-mind among insurance leaders. With growth in global real gross domestic product (GDP) slowing from 4.1 percent in 2010 to 3 percent in 2011, insurance leaders continue to experience significant headwinds challenging profitable growth. As reported by Swiss Re, insurance overall direct premiums declined 0.8 percent in real terms in 2011. Nevertheless, pockets of opportunities do exist and will continue in the near term. Stabilizing social/political conditions, investments in infrastructure and demographic progression continue to fuel strong positive GDP growth and increasing insurance penetration in emerging economies. In these economies, overall direct premiums increased 1.3 percent in real terms in 2011, with non-life premiums increasing 9.1 percent.
Paul Silberbush, Managing Director
Capital models are becoming more and more “embedded” into property and casualty (re)insurers’ business processes. These models are typically constructed with two distinct and often contrasting purposes: 1) measuring capital for rating agency and/or regulatory requirements and 2) risk management and strategic business planning.