The chart shows that in 2012 there were over 850 insurers participating in the Terrorism Risk Insurance Program Reauthorization Act (TRIPRA), writing over USD183 billion in premiums. Using the current 20 percent deductible requirement of TRIPRA and policyholder surplus as a filter, Guy Carpenter found that the smaller to mid-sized insurance carriers would be most affected should there be an increase in the deductible of any program that replaces TRIPRA. Without TRIPRA, insurers with less than USD300 million in surplus would likely need to incorporate additional private reinsurance market capacity to protect their capital and to satisfy rating agencies and regulators.
Posts Tagged ‘Reinsurance’
Guillermo Franco, Head of Catastrophe Risk Research - EMEA
It seems reasonable to expect a degree of uncertainty in catastrophe model results. It is not uncommon, however, for models to produce results that differ by several factors. In order to assess how much of this uncertainty is epistemic, due to our incomplete knowledge of the physical phenomena involved, this existing uncertainty needs to be quantified.
Here we review recent GC Capital Ideas stories focused on climate change.
Guy Carpenter Asia-Pacific Climate Impact Centre Publishes New Annual Report: The Guy Carpenter Asia-Pacific Climate Impact Centre (GCACIC), a joint initiative of the City University of Hong Kong and Guy Carpenter, released its fifth annual report presenting the highlights of the GCACIC’s research activities from the past year. The report details the findings of 16 projects conducted by the GCACIC, which focus on climate problems in the Asia-Pacific region as well as on a global scale.
Third U.S. Climate Report Is Available: The White House released the Third U.S. National Climate Assessment report on May 6, 2014. The report was constructed with input of many U.S. scientists and coordinated by a cross section of U.S. interests including the energy sector.
Responding to Climate Change: It is vital for (re)insurers to consider how climate change could impact future losses. Global warming potentially poses a serious financial threat to the insurance industry with implications for catastrophe risk perception, pricing and modeling assumptions.
Climate Change: A Look into the Future: Global climate models project a best estimate of a further two to four degree (Celsius) increase in the mean temperature of the Earth by the end of this century. Although this may seem insignificant on an intuitive level, the resulting impacts are of significant concern. Sea-level rise is the most significant threat for coastal areas as a result of melting glaciers. Apart from this threat, changing weather patterns will result in drought and inland flood threats for some areas.
Global Warming: Adaptation Measures: The IPCC publications represent scientific consensus among many of the world’s top scientists (and scientific consensus is difficult to achieve). Their findings are generally consistent with the broader scientific literature.
Global Warming: Losses: Economic losses resulting from natural disasters increased from USD75.5 billion in the 1960s to USD659.9 billion in the 1990s (IPCC AR4, 2007 - Working Group II, Section 184.108.40.206). Insured losses have also increased, and “the dominant signal is of significant increase in the values of exposure” (IPCC AR4, 2007 - Working Group II, Section 220.127.116.11). Furthermore, the IPCC states that “failure to adjust for time-variant economic factors yields loss amounts that are not directly comparable and a pronounced upward trend for purely economic reasons.”
Guy Carpenter released its latest report on global terrorism. The report highlights evolving global terrorism risks and the impact these risks have on the reinsurance market. It also emphasizes the vital role the Terrorism Risk Insurance Program Reauthorization Act (TRIPRA) plays in the United States ensuring the availability and affordability of terrorism (re)insurance capacity throughout the country.
Victoria Jenkins, Managing Director
The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is acknowledged to be a key growth area for (re)insurance. Insurance penetration is rapidly increasing but still has some way to go to reach comparable levels with Europe or the United States. In the period 2003-2012, most countries in the region achieved triple-digit percentage increases in premium volume, with some exceeding 600 percent growth (source: Swiss Re Sigma).
Guy Carpenter released its latest Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) Benchmark Review earlier this year providing an in-depth analysis of risk management practices and policies of 67 insurance and reinsurance companies located in Europe, United States, Bermuda, and Asia-Pacific. Based on publicly-available data from financial and risk reports, Guy Carpenter’s ERM Benchmark Review reveals that most (re)insurers are managing capital with metric-based frameworks and are publishing more about their risk management targets than seen in Guy Carpenter’s 2009 analysis. Capital market, legislative, and regulatory influences, such as the approaching implementation of Solvency II, are expected to further compel company managements to better recognize and analyze the risks of their enterprises.
Guy Carpenter reports that downward pressure on reinsurance pricing has increased since the June 1, 2013 renewal due to continued competitive pressure from alternative markets, strong reinsurer balance sheets and low loss experiences. In its June 2014 renewal briefing, Guy Carpenter reports that competition increased as markets offered abundant capacity at reduced pricing. Terms and conditions also came under pressure and multi-year transactions continued to be an area of investigation. Traditional reinsurers sought to protect their market share and alternative providers looked to utilize growing funds.
Here we review GC Capital Ideas entries highlighting trends in convergent capital in the reinsurance sector.
Chart: Evolution of Dedicated Reinsurance Capital, 2012 - YE 2013: The evolution of dedicated sector capital is presented in this chart. Guy Carpenter estimates this rose marginally in 2013 to USD322 billion at year-end as underwriting profits from low catastrophe claims and convergence capital inflows offset unrealized losses, sustained share buybacks and dividend payments.
Chart: Catastrophe Bond Issuance and Capital Outstanding: Issuance reached a record high of USD7.1 billion, surpassing 2007’s total. Risk capital outstanding also reached an all-time high of USD18.6 billion last year.
Chart: Pension Fund Capital Under Management and Allocations into Reinsurance: As the illustration shows, pension funds alone are worth around USD30 trillion. Based on Guy Carpenter’s analysis of possible capital allocation percentages to the (re)insurance space in consultation with sector experts, a maximum of USD900 billion of this amount could potentially be available for insurance-linked investments.
*Securities or investments, as applicable, are offered in the United States through GC Securities, a division of MMC Securities Corp., a US registered broker-dealer and member FINRA/NFA/SIPC. Main Office: 1166 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10036. Phone: (212) 345-5000. Securities or investments, as applicable, are offered in the European Union by GC Securities, a division of MMC Securities (Europe) Ltd. (MMCSEL), which is authorized and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority, main office 25 The North Colonnade, Canary Wharf, London E14 5HS. Reinsurance products are placed through qualified affiliates of Guy Carpenter & Company, LLC. MMC Securities Corp., MMC Securities (Europe) Ltd. and Guy Carpenter & Company, LLC are affiliates owned by Marsh & McLennan Companies. This communication is not intended as an offer to sell or a solicitation of any offer to buy any security, financial instrument, reinsurance or insurance product. **GC Analytics is a registered mark with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
Here we review recent GC Capital Ideas stories on space risk and related insurance solutions.
Recent Sun Flare Event Is a Reminder of Solar Weather Hazards: On February 24, 2014 the sun once again provided a reminder of the potential hazards of solar weather events. A large solar flare was reported by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) measuring at X4.9 (or according to the National Weather Service’s Space Prediction Center, an R3 (strong) Solar Flare Radio Blackout) that could cause severe disruption to satellites and technology on Earth.
Space (Re)insurance Solutions: Weather Risk: Space weather risks are difficult to quantify due to the lack of understanding and clarity about the likely duration and consequences of extreme events. However, it is clear the interconnected global economy that exists today is vulnerable to the risks posed by space weather. Indeed, extreme solar weather events have the potential to create systemic risk by triggering cascading failures across industries and regions.
Space (Re)insurance Solutions: Debris Risk: Risks emanating from space pose a serious and real threat to the (re)insurance sector. Space debris and satellite collisions have the potential to cause losses in the millions or even billions of dollars, while extreme space weather has the potential to cause systemic failures across the globe. Although both risks are difficult to quantify given the uncertainty involved, (re)insurers have a responsibility to promote risk mitigating measures as the potential costs involved are considerable.
Solar Weather Activity: Solar weather is a space-related risk that has the potential to cause huge disruption to infrastructure and businesses around the world. Geomagnetic storm activity is not a new development but technological advancements and an increasingly interconnected global economy have resulted in increased vulnerability. Although extreme solar storms are relatively rare, there have been several notable recent events that have had a damaging impact on Earth. More are certain to occur in the future.
Space Debris Risk: Part I, Orbital Regions: The most serious threat to high-value satellites and space infrastructures in the Earth’s orbit today is the risk of collision with other satellites or space debris. As more satellites are sent into the Earth’s orbit to provide services and technology we now take for granted, including global communications and broadcasting, air traffic control, weather forecasting and disaster management, the area is becoming increasingly cluttered with satellites (operational and defunct) and other fragments, enhancing the risk of collision. Although deorbiting strategies are in place for some modern satellites, tens of thousands of objects still circulate the planet at extremely high speeds.
Space Debris Risk: Part II, Collision Risk: Space debris poses a serious risk to operational satellites, particularly in the low earth orbit (LEO) and geosynchronous orbit (GEO). Indeed, debris amounts are increasing as objects continue to collide with one another, producing more fragments. According to the U.S. Strategic Command’s Space Surveillance Network, more than 20,000 objects above ten centimeters in size are currently orbiting Earth. Of these, only some 1,000 are active satellites. For items measuring between one and ten centimeters, around 500,000 particles are thought to be orbiting Earth. Estimates suggest tens of millions of other particles smaller than one centimeter are circulating the planet. All this material is traveling at several kilometers per second, sufficient velocity to cause significant damage to operational satellites.