Posts Tagged ‘Reinsurance’



July 28th, 2014

The Drivers of Agriculture Insurance in Asia, Part III: What Influences Agriculture Insurance?

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

peter_book_-smaller-hs3Peter Book, Head of Agriculture, Asia Pacific

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Having recognized what is driving agriculture and the importance of risk transfer, the next step is to look at what is influencing the insurance of agriculture and the impact of certain agents, ranging from governments to the (re)insurance industry.

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June 26th, 2014

Chart: Reliance On TRIPRA

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

The chart shows that in 2012 there were over 850 insurers participating in the Terrorism Risk Insurance Program Reauthorization Act (TRIPRA), writing over USD183 billion in premiums. Using the current 20 percent deductible requirement of TRIPRA and policyholder surplus as a filter, Guy Carpenter found that the smaller to mid-sized insurance carriers would be most affected should there be an increase in the deductible of any program that replaces TRIPRA. Without TRIPRA, insurers with less than USD300 million in surplus would likely need to incorporate additional private reinsurance market capacity to protect their capital and to satisfy rating agencies and regulators.

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June 24th, 2014

Uncertainty in Catastrophe Models: How Much of it is Reasonable?

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

franco_guillermo_bioGuillermo Franco, Head of Catastrophe Risk Research - EMEA

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It seems reasonable to expect a degree of uncertainty in catastrophe model results. It is not uncommon, however, for models to produce results that differ by several factors. In order to assess how much of this uncertainty is epistemic, due to our incomplete knowledge of the physical phenomena involved, this existing uncertainty needs to be quantified.

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June 23rd, 2014

Review Of Climate Change

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

Here we review recent GC Capital Ideas stories focused on climate change.

Guy Carpenter Asia-Pacific Climate Impact Centre Publishes New Annual Report: The Guy Carpenter Asia-Pacific Climate Impact Centre (GCACIC), a joint initiative of the City University of Hong Kong and Guy Carpenter, released its fifth annual report presenting the highlights of the GCACIC’s research activities from the past year. The report details the findings of 16 projects conducted by the GCACIC, which focus on climate problems in the Asia-Pacific region as well as on a global scale.

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Third U.S. Climate Report Is Available: The White House released the Third U.S. National Climate Assessment report on May 6, 2014. The report was constructed with input of many U.S. scientists and coordinated by a cross section of U.S. interests including the energy sector.

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Responding to Climate Change:  It is vital for (re)insurers to consider how climate change could impact future losses. Global warming potentially poses a serious financial threat to the insurance industry with implications for catastrophe risk perception, pricing and modeling assumptions.

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Climate Change: A Look into the Future: Global climate models project a best estimate of a further two to four degree (Celsius) increase in the mean temperature of the Earth by the end of this century. Although this may seem insignificant on an intuitive level, the resulting impacts are of significant concern. Sea-level rise is the most significant threat for coastal areas as a result of melting glaciers. Apart from this threat, changing weather patterns will result in drought and inland flood threats for some areas.

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Global Warming: Adaptation Measures: The IPCC publications represent scientific consensus among many of the world’s top scientists (and scientific consensus is difficult to achieve). Their findings are generally consistent with the broader scientific literature.

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Global Warming: Losses: Economic losses resulting from natural disasters increased from USD75.5 billion in the 1960s to USD659.9 billion in the 1990s (IPCC AR4, 2007 - Working Group II, Section 1.2.8.4). Insured losses have also increased, and “the dominant signal is of significant increase in the values of exposure” (IPCC AR4, 2007 - Working Group II, Section 1.3.8.4). Furthermore, the IPCC states that “failure to adjust for time-variant economic factors yields loss amounts that are not directly comparable and a pronounced upward trend for purely economic reasons.”

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June 17th, 2014

Guy Carpenter Report Reinforces Need for TRIPRA Renewal

Posted at 11:15 PM ET

Guy Carpenter released its latest report on global terrorism. The report highlights evolving global terrorism risks and the impact these risks have on the reinsurance market. It also emphasizes the vital role the Terrorism Risk Insurance Program Reauthorization Act (TRIPRA) plays in the United States ensuring the availability and affordability of terrorism (re)insurance capacity throughout the country.

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June 16th, 2014

The Total Value of Reinsurance for Long-Tail Business

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

victoria-jenkinsleong-jessica-bio-sep-2013Victoria Jenkins, Managing Director, and Jessica Leong, Lead Casualty Specialty Actuary

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Can we learn from Solvency II to unlock the hidden value of reinsurance for long-tail business?

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June 10th, 2014

Enhancing Catastrophe Modeling In the Middle East and North Africa

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

victoria-jenkinsVictoria Jenkins, Managing Director

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The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is acknowledged to be a key growth area for (re)insurance. Insurance penetration is rapidly increasing but still has some way to go to reach comparable levels with Europe or the United States. In the period 2003-2012, most countries in the region achieved triple-digit percentage increases in premium volume, with some exceeding 600 percent growth (source: Swiss Re Sigma).

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June 5th, 2014

Increasing External Demands Compel Companies to Improve Risk Management Disclosures

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

Guy Carpenter released its latest Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) Benchmark Review earlier this year providing an in-depth analysis of risk management practices and policies of 67 insurance and reinsurance companies located in Europe, United States, Bermuda, and Asia-Pacific. Based on publicly-available data from financial and risk reports, Guy Carpenter’s ERM Benchmark Review reveals that most (re)insurers are managing capital with metric-based frameworks and are publishing more about their risk management targets than seen in Guy Carpenter’s 2009 analysis. Capital market, legislative, and regulatory influences, such as the approaching implementation of Solvency II, are expected to further compel company managements to better recognize and analyze the risks of their enterprises.

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June 2nd, 2014

Reinsurance Pricing Falls Again at June 1, 2014 as Competition Heightens

Posted at 11:30 PM ET

Guy Carpenter reports that downward pressure on reinsurance pricing has increased since the June 1, 2013 renewal due to continued competitive pressure from alternative markets, strong reinsurer balance sheets and low loss experiences. In its June 2014 renewal briefing, Guy Carpenter reports that competition increased as markets offered abundant capacity at reduced pricing.  Terms and conditions also came under pressure and multi-year transactions continued to be an area of investigation. Traditional reinsurers sought to protect their market share and alternative providers looked to utilize growing funds.

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May 27th, 2014

Trends in Convergent Capital in the Reinsurance Sector

Posted at 1:00 AM ET

Here we review GC Capital Ideas entries highlighting trends in convergent capital in the reinsurance sector. 

Chart: Evolution of Dedicated Reinsurance Capital, 2012 - YE 2013: The evolution of dedicated sector capital is presented in this chart. Guy Carpenter estimates this rose marginally in 2013 to USD322 billion at year-end as underwriting profits from low catastrophe claims and convergence capital inflows offset unrealized losses, sustained share buybacks and dividend payments.

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Chart: Catastrophe Bond Issuance and Capital Outstanding: Issuance reached a record high of USD7.1 billion, surpassing 2007’s total. Risk capital outstanding also reached an all-time high of USD18.6 billion last year.

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Chart: Pension Fund Capital Under Management and Allocations into Reinsurance: As the illustration shows, pension funds alone are worth around USD30 trillion. Based on Guy Carpenter’s analysis of possible capital allocation percentages to the (re)insurance space in consultation with sector experts, a maximum of USD900 billion of this amount could potentially be available for insurance-linked investments.

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