Posts Tagged ‘Reinsurance’
GC Securities, a division of MMC Securities Corp., a U.S. registered broker-dealer and member of FINRA/SIPC, today released an analysis of activity and trends within the catastrophe risk market from the fourth quarter of 2013, also including the outlook for 2014. According to the report, influence from direct capital markets’ participation in reinsurance programs, coupled with catastrophic insured losses well below historical averages in 2013, put significant pressure on global catastrophic reinsurance pricing. As a result of significantly reduced pricing, relative to recent years, approximately $7.1 billion worth of new property and casualty (P&C) catastrophe bonds were issued in 2013 - the second highest record year for P&C issuance.
Guy Carpenter & Company has announced the launch of its Cyber Solutions Specialty Practice, which focuses on the development and delivery of innovative cyber reinsurance solutions to address the rapidly increasing risks associated with cyber security. The practice builds upon Guy Carpenter’s market leadership position and years of experience and market intelligence in this area, and through its team of highly seasoned professionals, helps clients effectively manage their cyber portfolios and grow profitably.
2013 provided a respite for the (re)insurance industry following above-average losses in 2011 and 2012, with insured losses from natural catastrophes and man-made disasters estimated at around USD40 billion, according to Guy Carpenter & Company (see Figure 1). This is considerably less than the ten-year average loss of approximately USD60 billion and well below the most significant years of 2005 and 2011 (see Figure 2 (Inflation adjusted)). This can be partly attributed to the unusually quiet 2013 Atlantic tropical season. About 47 percent of insured losses in 2013 were reported in the Americas, 31 percent in Europe and 20 percent in Asia and Australasia (see Figure 3). Continue reading…
Here we review recent GC Capital Ideas stories that have covered issues related to supply chain management.
Emerging Risks: Managing the Unknown: Having examined the three emerging risks of cyber, climate change and space in detail, it is clear they present serious threats to businesses and (re)insurers. Not only will the fallout from these risks result in losses we can currently anticipate and predict (such as increased property damage and liability vulnerability), but they also have the potential to trigger costly secondary impacts such as a breakdown in supply chains, reputational damage, disrupted power supplies and possibly others that are more difficult to foresee.
Supply Chain Risk Management and (Re)insurance Solutions: Technological advances have resulted in business being conducted all over the world in an instantaneous manner, meaning supply chain failures can significantly impact companies’ revenue, credibility and reputation. Companies are therefore now far more exposed to external risks than ever before. This has raised (re)insurers’ concerns over the ability of the market to understand the risks that are being underwritten and the viability of offering business interruption/contingent business interruption cover. Indeed, some (re)insurers have taken the view that risk management strategies at the company level need to be improved before coverage can be offered.
Causes of Supply Chain Disruption: The Business Continuity Institute’s 2012 Supply Chain Resilience Survey estimates that outsource service provider failure represents one of the most significant causes of supply chain disruption, only lagging behind adverse weather and technology. The particular danger represented by the supplier or service provider, especially if it involves an aspect of critical infrastructure, is that the failure is likely to cut across multiple industries and geographies. For example, the disruption caused by a component part of technology used by a power generator does not just shut the utility down - all commercial and residential operations grind to halt.
Cyber Risk and its Impact on Supply Chains: Cyber risks are not isolated and are usually connected to other risks. Many companies that are exposed to cyber risks are, for example, also exposed in turn to risks to their supply chain. Due to technological innovation and advances, many parts of a company’s or industry’s supply chain have become interconnected and automated. Technology is indeed a critical enabler of a supply chain’s operations. Therefore a cyber attack has the potential to put an entire company’s supply chain at risk. Cyber security and supply chain risk management must therefore be considered in conjunction with one another.
Contingent Business Interruption: Life Support for Industry: Contingent business interruption (CBI) is a generic term for extensions to the standard cover that provide for reduction in revenue as a result of damage at locations other than the insured’s own premises, whether it be suppliers or customers. In some cases insurers are providing cover on a “non-damage” basis, which protects against insolvency or political risk among an array of contingencies that might disturb the supply chain.
As the illustration below shows, pension funds alone are worth around USD30 trillion. Based on Guy Carpenter’s analysis of possible capital allocation percentages to the (re)insurance space in consultation with sector experts,a maximum of USD900 billion of this amount could potentially be available for insurance-linked investments. This figure is, of course, much greater than currently needed, demonstrating the existing convergence-driven supply excess. Given Guy Carpenter estimates global property catastrophe limit is currently in excess of USD300 billion, and the ILS market only accounts for around 15 percent of this amount, pension funds have so far made very small investments in reinsurance relative to their overall size.
In the figure below, the January 1, 2014 average quote across all programs is represented by the line at 0 percent, while the red dots indicate reinsurers’ distances from the mean across all the programs that they quoted. The size of the line represents the variability from the average for all quotes provided by the reinsurer. Each reinsurer is represented across the bottom of the chart by its A.M. Best rating. Quotes representing non-concurrent terms were excluded.
The chart shows that growth in reinsurance catastrophe limit in the Asia Pacific region has clearly not kept pace with economic growth since 2006. Stronger rates of economic growth in such emerging markets mean the gap between economic and insured losses has the potential to increase further. Continue reading…
The evolution of dedicated sector capital is presented below. Guy Carpenter estimates this rose marginally in 2013 to USD322 billion at year-end as underwriting profits from low catastrophe claims and covergence capital inflows offset unrealized losses, sustained share buybacks and dividend payments.