Posts Tagged ‘risk management’
Peter Book, Head of Agriculture, Asia Pacific
Having recognized what is driving agriculture and the importance of risk transfer, the next step is to look at what is influencing the insurance of agriculture and the impact of certain agents, ranging from governments to the (re)insurance industry.
Peter Book, Head of Agriculture, Asia Pacific
Some would argue that individual governments have limited means to control the demand side of the equation. In respect of drivers such as food security and standard of living they are likely to be the main protagonists for change. Certainly the agricultural production sector and individual producers have even less influence.
Here we update our review of some recent GC Capital Ideas stories related to the issue of terrorism, addressing the impact on both the insurance industry and technology:
New Marsh Report: Need for Terrorism Insurance Strong: A new report released by Guy Carpenter parent company, Marsh, confirms that demand for terrorism insurance remains strong and the existence of the Terrorism Risk Insurance Program Reauthorization Act (TRIPRA) plays a key role in making coverage available and affordable.
Chart: Countries Operating Compulsory or Optional Terrorism Pools: A summary of the compulsory and optional terrorism pools that operate around the globe.
Range of Cyber Risks: Cyber risks range from legal liability and computer security breaches to privacy breaches of confidential information. Data breaches typically involve the intent to either copy, extract or destroy data. However, the risks that companies face transcend simple data incidents and often include the broader range of perils associated with the structural vulnerability of our economy to failures of technology generally. Further risks include cyber extortion, cyber terrorism, loss of revenue due to a computer attack, recovery costs, reputational damage and supply chain disruption.
Victoria Jenkins, Managing Director
The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is acknowledged to be a key growth area for (re)insurance. Insurance penetration is rapidly increasing but still has some way to go to reach comparable levels with Europe or the United States. In the period 2003-2012, most countries in the region achieved triple-digit percentage increases in premium volume, with some exceeding 600 percent growth (source: Swiss Re Sigma).
Guy Carpenter released its latest Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) Benchmark Review earlier this year providing an in-depth analysis of risk management practices and policies of 67 insurance and reinsurance companies located in Europe, United States, Bermuda, and Asia-Pacific. Based on publicly-available data from financial and risk reports, Guy Carpenter’s ERM Benchmark Review reveals that most (re)insurers are managing capital with metric-based frameworks and are publishing more about their risk management targets than seen in Guy Carpenter’s 2009 analysis. Capital market, legislative, and regulatory influences, such as the approaching implementation of Solvency II, are expected to further compel company managements to better recognize and analyze the risks of their enterprises.
Here we review how the application of risk management practices and risk transfer can assist individual countries and small geographic locations with providing food security for the populace.
What is Food Security? Part I: Fundamentally food has to be safe, nutritious and available in sufficient quantity. On a global scale these are always achievable. It is at a country or smaller geographic territory-level where problems often arise.
What is Food Security? Part II: A challenge in many regions is the transport from the farm of the right food to the consumer without physical loss or spoilage. Putting transit losses aside, there is a question of getting the “correct” food and influencing the supply chain.
What is Food Security? Part III: Putting It into Practice and a Look to the Future: In several Asian countries there are already examples of attempts to alleviate the physical, social and economic factors that hamper food security. China in particular is rapidly developing a sophisticated agriculture insurance system with evidence of a number of different risk transfer instruments.
Guy Carpenter today announced the appointments of Eric Simpson as Managing Director and Mark Murray as Senior Vice President. Mr. Murray reports to Mr. Simpson, who reports directly to Jack Snyder, Managing Director, Head of the Rating Agency Practice, Guy Carpenter Strategic Advisory. Both are based in the Philadelphia office. Mr. Simpson joined Guy Carpenter on April 28 and Mr. Murray on April 21.
Here we review recent GC Capital Ideas stories on space risk and related insurance solutions.
Recent Sun Flare Event Is a Reminder of Solar Weather Hazards: On February 24, 2014 the sun once again provided a reminder of the potential hazards of solar weather events. A large solar flare was reported by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) measuring at X4.9 (or according to the National Weather Service’s Space Prediction Center, an R3 (strong) Solar Flare Radio Blackout) that could cause severe disruption to satellites and technology on Earth.
Space (Re)insurance Solutions: Weather Risk: Space weather risks are difficult to quantify due to the lack of understanding and clarity about the likely duration and consequences of extreme events. However, it is clear the interconnected global economy that exists today is vulnerable to the risks posed by space weather. Indeed, extreme solar weather events have the potential to create systemic risk by triggering cascading failures across industries and regions.
Space (Re)insurance Solutions: Debris Risk: Risks emanating from space pose a serious and real threat to the (re)insurance sector. Space debris and satellite collisions have the potential to cause losses in the millions or even billions of dollars, while extreme space weather has the potential to cause systemic failures across the globe. Although both risks are difficult to quantify given the uncertainty involved, (re)insurers have a responsibility to promote risk mitigating measures as the potential costs involved are considerable.
Solar Weather Activity: Solar weather is a space-related risk that has the potential to cause huge disruption to infrastructure and businesses around the world. Geomagnetic storm activity is not a new development but technological advancements and an increasingly interconnected global economy have resulted in increased vulnerability. Although extreme solar storms are relatively rare, there have been several notable recent events that have had a damaging impact on Earth. More are certain to occur in the future.
Space Debris Risk: Part I, Orbital Regions: The most serious threat to high-value satellites and space infrastructures in the Earth’s orbit today is the risk of collision with other satellites or space debris. As more satellites are sent into the Earth’s orbit to provide services and technology we now take for granted, including global communications and broadcasting, air traffic control, weather forecasting and disaster management, the area is becoming increasingly cluttered with satellites (operational and defunct) and other fragments, enhancing the risk of collision. Although deorbiting strategies are in place for some modern satellites, tens of thousands of objects still circulate the planet at extremely high speeds.
Space Debris Risk: Part II, Collision Risk: Space debris poses a serious risk to operational satellites, particularly in the low earth orbit (LEO) and geosynchronous orbit (GEO). Indeed, debris amounts are increasing as objects continue to collide with one another, producing more fragments. According to the U.S. Strategic Command’s Space Surveillance Network, more than 20,000 objects above ten centimeters in size are currently orbiting Earth. Of these, only some 1,000 are active satellites. For items measuring between one and ten centimeters, around 500,000 particles are thought to be orbiting Earth. Estimates suggest tens of millions of other particles smaller than one centimeter are circulating the planet. All this material is traveling at several kilometers per second, sufficient velocity to cause significant damage to operational satellites.